Full year results for the twelve months ended 31 December 2016

Brave Bison Group plc (AIM: BBSN), the independent digital media & social video broadcaster, today announces its audited full year results for the twelve months ended 31 December 2016.

The Group re-branded and changed its name from Rightster Group plc to Brave Bison Group plc on 9 May 2016.

Since the period end on 31 December 2016, the Group continues to trade in line with management expectations.

Key Highlights

  • Net Revenue has increased by 22% to £17.7 million (2015: £14.6 million). Growth was focussed in H1 2016 (38% growth versus the same period in 2015), centred around the Euro 2016 football tournament, and slipped in H2 2016 (7% growth versus the same period in 2015)
  • Gross Profit has risen by 26% to £7.7 million (2015: £6.1 million)
  • A material share of the revenue growth versus 2015, £4.1 million (128% growth) was from a low margin revenue stream, earning less than 10% Gross Profit. This activity is expected to cease in 2017
  • EBITDA loss has reduced by 74% to £3.5 million (2015: £13.6 million). This includes the benefit of a £1.4 million foreign exchange gain (2015: £0.2m loss)
  • Cash outflow from operating activities has reduced by 46% to £4.5 million (2015: £8.3 million)
  • The Group now has offices in 3 locations (2015: 9)
  • The Group completed a £10 million fundraise (before expenses) on 6 January 2016
  • The Group continues its commitment to the APAC region with increased headcount and the formation of a legal entity, Brave Bison Asia Pacific Pte.
  • Headcount at year-end including contractors has reduced by 44% to 81 (2015: 144)

For further information, contact:

Brave Bison Group plc
Kevin Deeley (Chief Operating and Finance Officer)

Stockdale Securities
Richard Johnson / Andy Crossley / Ed Thomas
Tel: 020 7601 6100

FTI Consulting (PR adviser to Brave Bison)
Rob Mindell / Charles Palmer
Tel: 020 3727 1000

 

Chairman's Report

Last year's Chairman's report contained the statement "Turning a company around is not an easy task." This has indeed been the case, as is obvious from our recent announcements, and we are still some way from achieving that objective.

It has not been made easier by the departure of two senior executives on whom the promise was largely based, the loss of two large contracts which are not easily replaced and the conclusion that a third contract, representing a major slice of stated revenue, enjoyed terms which, unless improved, were unacceptable in terms of margin and cash flow - a position still under review. Therefore assumptions made for 2017 show a considerable reduction in revenue but improvements in margin and cash flow.

But much was achieved in terms of cost reduction by the management team as the results for 2016 show. An EBITDA Loss of £3.5 million (2015: £13.6 million), not in itself something to boast about, illustrates the success in reducing a bloated structure to something more manageable relative to the 2015 results and with some £7.1 million in cash at the end of the year the Group has no immediate liquidity concerns.

But the question shareholders will be asking is: "Where do we go from here?" The strategy of developing new intellectual property and reducing reliance on low margin legacy business, outlined during the raising of capital 18 months ago, remains. Considerable effort is being put into this area including the hire of a key executive. Our football channel launched in 2016 is gaining momentum and new opportunities are being explored. However launching new products into consumer markets is not without risk and the stop/go button is an essential part of the wiring.

The ever-expanding world of online video continues to present opportunities and with Facebook becoming increasingly interested in this space, there are likely to be new revenue streams available to those able to take advantage.

The departures of Ashley MacKenzie after little more than a year as CEO and, earlier, that of COO Richard Mansell for private family reasons is not to be under-estimated. This, together with the additional departure of our Asia Pacific commercial leader from Singapore, stretched our sales effort and impacted revenues in the final part of the year. The latter position has been filled and the search for a replacement CEO is well underway.

It is both gratifying and reassuring that business is still being done and new contracts being won. CFO Kevin Deeley has assumed the role of interim CEO, and others have taken on larger responsibilities as we evaluate our strategy going forward.

Your Board is very conscious of the need to restore value in this business by whatever means are most appropriate. We and the staff of Brave Bison are working hard to do so. We see opportunities ahead and look forward to making progress with a more focussed and tightly knit Group.

Sir Robin Miller

Chairman, Brave Bison Group plc

Strategic Report

Trading Results

2016 saw the execution of the strategy outlined by the new management team when they arrived in late 2015. In particular the drive to simplify the business and reduce costs, whilst simultaneously investing in the creation of new intellectual property rights, which will in future allow the Group to monetise its own content, have been the dominant themes.

Net Revenue increased by 22% to £17.7 million (2015: £14.6 million). After strong revenue growth of 38% in the first half of 2016 versus the first half of 2015, centred around the Euro 2016 football tournament, the second half of the year was challenging, with growth slowing to 7% versus the second half of 2015.

The Group continues to carry out as its primary activity, the monetisation of online video content which, can be sub-divided into two main underlying revenue streams, namely Advertising and Fee Based Services.

Advertising revenue rose 39% to £13.6 million (2015: £9.8 million). We have continued to see success in the world of high value brand deals, and amongst others have delivered six-figure campaigns with Procter & Gamble, Ford, Universal Pictures and Morrisons. Our ability to match popular influencers, sourced via Brave Talent our international social talent management business, to relevant brands and then successfully promote those campaigns across multiple platforms continues to be a successful formula. Where advertising revenue is concerned, it is clear that the APAC region merits a continuing presence and indeed further investment. We have grown headcount to eight in APAC in 2016 and opened a local company, Brave Bison Asia Pacific Pte. Limited, to demonstrate our commitment to the region, and we plan to develop the business and add further resources in the future. Other revenue streams include the viral video licensing business, where revenues were materially flat. This is an important segment strategically as user-generated content is very effective at driving viewing, and the Group has recently revamped its offering and committed to investing further resources, for example in the launch of a new product, the "Viral Vault".

Fee Based Services revenue fell 14% to £4.1 million (2015: £4.7 million). This is largely due to the long term decline of the old Rightster Theatrical business, acquired with the Preview Networks acquisition in April 2013, where revenues fell to £0.2 million (2015: £0.8 million). This operation was finally shut down in late 2016. Other fee based service revenues overall were relatively stable, indeed live streaming revenues increased from £1.1 million to £1.3 million. This revenue stream was largely a result of the long-term partnership with the Australian Football League. This four year contract, originally signed in 2012, came to its natural end in Q4 2016 and aside from a short-term extension it was not renewed for a further season. The Group had anticipated this and the directly affected cost base was quickly reduced in early 2017. The other material part of this revenue line, managing the online video presence of major corporates was materially unchanged year on year. However, a major part of this revenue is the contract with a major Hollywood movie studio which ended in Q4 2016 and was not renewed. There is much work to do to rebuild this product line, and there is some cause for optimism having signed a low six-figure contract with a major multi-national in early 2017. The Group remains committed to this segment as it represents stable high-margin earnings over longer periods as compared to the more transactional advertising revenue stream, albeit that when individual contracts end the impact upon revenue and profits is more pronounced.

After several years of anticipation, in 2016 Facebook began to more publically embrace advertising around video on its platform. Whilst it is still too early to see how this will develop and how fast, the potential growth from leveraging Facebook's scale is huge, which can only be a good thing for content owners and advertisers moving forward. The Group continues to position its activities to take advantage of any future developments.

With large audience and revenue growth available to owners of intellectual property rights in the social video space, we are focused on delivering on this valuable strategic goal. To that end in Q3 2016 we appointed a proven entrepreneur and creative leader, Will Pyne, to lead our growing creative team and oversee our continued investment in our flagship brand "SlashFootball" where we have now developed several formats that are attracting large audiences on advertiser friendly platforms like Facebook and YouTube. We expect to begin monetising these properties in 2017. This owned and operated content fits in well with our exclusive right to manage aspects of the video monetisation of 60+ official club sites on behalf of the English Football League. Football is the largest global sport and a huge commercial platform that aligns well to our territorial focus of Europe and Asia-Pacific, particularly in the run-up to the 2018 World Cup. In early 2017 we have opened our dedicated studio space, Yellowstone Studios, which will enable us to create more content, quicker and much more cost-effectively. The studio, and the key learnings from our SlashFootball launch, will support us as we seek to rapidly develop additional owned and operated properties alongside football, where we see gaps in the market.

 

Gross Profit has risen in absolute terms, by 26% to £7.7 million (2015: £6.1 million) and as a share of revenue, the gross profit percentage has risen from 42% in 2015 to 43% in 2016. Profit margins have now begun to grow as we invest more in products that have higher margin potential and phase out those delivering little or no margin. However there is still much to do. With respect to the 2015 to 2016 revenue growth, whilst strong overall, the revenue growth has been the result of a £4.1 million (128%) rise in sales of a product yielding 10% gross margin or less, whilst sales of all other products, yielding 68% overall, fell £0.9 million (8%). In turn historically this lower margin activity has required the deployment of very material, and unsustainable, amounts of capital.

Curtailing these activities is the right thing to do even if the consequence is lower headline revenues. As the Group continues its journey from being a third party technology provider to being a social video broadcaster owning Intellectual Property rights, it will continue to move up the value chain, and gross profit margin should stabilise and rise.

 

Operating loss has decreased to £6.4 million in 2016 from £14.5 million in 2015, due to the revenue growth previously described and a significant reduction in the cost base. During 2016 the Group decided to close its small offices in Paris, Madrid, Los Angeles, Gurgaon, Milan, Melbourne and Copenhagen and consolidate its operations in two hubs, being Europe centred in a smaller London office and APAC centred in Singapore. As a result, the Group ended the year with 81 FTE's (including contractors), compared to 144 FTE's (including contractors) at the end of the prior period. Any future new headcount will be invested in key territories and products where we see potential for profitable growth.

The Group continues to invest small amounts in proprietorial technology tools like Totem and Viral Vault, to drive internal productivity and enhance the customer experience.

As a direct result of the fall in the value of sterling in mid-2016, following the result of the UK referendum on membership of the EU, a material gain on foreign exchange was generated from the revaluation of long-standing material inter-company balances denominated in non-UK currencies. Whilst this has no operational or cash impact, it is not helpful to have exposure to this level of potential volatility in Operating Profit. As a result the Group has, together with its professional advisors, conducted a territory by territory review of such amounts and where appropriate and tax efficient they have been reduced or eliminated. At the time of the referendum the Group held the GBP equivalent of £8.4 million in net inter-company balances denominated in foreign currencies, the equivalent at 31 December 2016 is £0.05 million. All gains and losses on re-translation of foreign currency monetary balances are recognised in profit or loss on translation at the reporting date. For the year these amounted to a £0.9 million gain (2015: £0.1 million loss).

 

The Group stock option charge for the year was £0.5 million (2015: £1.1 million). The Group will continue to use stock options as a means of incentivising and retaining key talent going forward, and the board is in the process of reviewing the current arrangements to make this more effective.

Restructuring costs associated with headcount decreases, property rationalisation and associated legal costs have fallen slightly to £1.2 million (2015: £1.6 million).

The Loss before tax for the year was £6.5 million versus £54.4 million for the prior year. This consists of the following main items:

  • The Operating loss analysed above
  • Exceptional costs totalled £nil million, in 2015 these amounts totalled £2.2 million and comprised acquisition-related items.
  • Impairment charge of £nil million (2015: £36.0 million).
  • Financing costs totalling £nil million (2015: £1.7 million). The 2015 amount relates to the discount on deferred consideration on the acquisitions made in prior years and is a non-cash charge, and
  • Depreciation and Amortisation of Tangible and Intangible Assets of £2.9 million (2015: £3.0 million)

Acquisitions

There were no acquisitions in the year, and all outstanding matters related to previous acquisitions were concluded in 2015.

Fundraising activity

The Group raised £10 million of new funding (before expenses) on 6 January 2016. This is further described in the Significant Events section of the Director's Report.

In October 2016 the Group obtained agreement from Barclays Bank to provide up to £2 million overdraft facility on market terms. This is further described in Note 2.1 to the Financial Statements.

Statement of Financial Position

The Group ended the year with £7.1 million in cash and cash equivalents (2015: £3.1 million) and £0.4 million of Convertible Loan debt (2015: £0.3 million). Brave Bison is a growth business and operating cash flow is currently negative. Cash utilised by operating activities was reduced to £4.5 million in 2016 from £8.3 million in 2015. We anticipate that this will continue to improve as the Group moves towards profitability under its current strategy.

The Group is carrying Intangible Assets of £17.0 million (2015: £19.1 million). The Group capitalised R&D spend of £0.8 million (2015: £nil million) on the development of Owned and Operated intellectual property in 2016, and £nil million on the legacy Rightster technology platform (2015: £1.3 million). The Intangibles continue to be amortised over their useful lives.

Principal risks and uncertainties

The Group cannot be certain that it will achieve profitability

Any adverse events relating to the Group's business, or a significant delay in the introduction of anticipated new revenue streams, or a shortfall in such revenue streams in relation to the Group's expectations, would have an immediate adverse effect on the Group's business, operating results and financial condition. There can be no assurance that the Group will be able to introduce identified cost savings or become profitable in any future period. The Group is subject to the risks inherent in the operation of a small and evolving business. It may not be able to successfully address these risks.

Industry risk

The digital rights and media industry is relatively new and changing rapidly and, as such, it is difficult to predict the prospects for and direction of growth in the industry.

The Group operates within competitive markets. The board believes that it has adopted a competitive business strategy. However, the Group's business, results, operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected by the actions of its competitors and suppliers. The Group's competitors could bring superior scale, better known brands, deeper experience or more compelling products to bear against the Group's existing and potential business. Intense competition could increase pricing pressure in the market, manifested, for example, through declining revenue shares, or increased reliance on the payment of advances ahead of commercial deals. If the Group is not able to compete successfully against existing or future competitors, its competitive position, business, financial condition and results of operations may be adversely affected. The Group operates its business using large international technology platforms that it does not own and which are subject to external factors beyond its control. An example of this includes the announcement from Google in March 2017 that it acknowledged advertising was appearing alongside YouTube content linked to terrorism and extremist views. Such things happen from time to time in the sectors in which the Group operates and could therefore impact indirectly upon the Group.

Technological innovation is progressing quickly and the Group may fail to keep pace or make the wrong choices

Customer preferences across the breadth of the Group's platform and commercial offerings are subject to fast and relatively unpredictable change, as advances in technology progress. Recent changes have included proliferation of device types, operating systems, video formats and delivery methods. Further changes are difficult to predict. If the Group fails to adapt sufficiently quickly to any changes, there is a risk that revenue will be lost and ultimately that its proposition will become less competitive in the market. Technology may progress to the point that in-house bespoke solutions become so efficient to build and adapt that the Group's proposition may become obsolete, which would materially adversely affect the Group's business, financial condition and/or operating results.

Failure to retain key executives, officers, managers and technical personnel could adversely affect the Group's operating and financial performance

Retaining and motivating technical and managerial personnel is a critical component of the future success of the Group's business. The departure of, or inability to replace quickly, any of the Group's relatively small number of executive officers or other key employees could have a negative impact on its operations. In the event that future departures of employees occur, the Group's ability to execute its business strategy successfully, or to continue to provide services to its customers and users or attract new customers and users, could be adversely affected. The performance of the Group depends, to a significant extent, upon the abilities and continued efforts of its senior management. The loss of the services of any of the key management personnel or the failure to retain key employees could adversely affect the Group's ability to maintain and/or improve its operating and financial performance.

Intellectual property risk

The Group's ability to compete effectively is highly dependent on its ability to protect its software, commercial offerings and trade secrets from unauthorised use. Brave Bison believes that it has taken appropriate measures to protect itself to date (including copyrights, trademarks, non-disclosure agreements, etc.). However, the protection provided by these intellectual property rights, confidentiality and contractual restrictions is limited and varies between the UK and other countries. There can be no guarantee that these protections may be adequate to prevent competitors from taking commercial advantage of unauthorised disclosure of the Group's sensitive business information. Similarly, these protections may not prevent competitors from copying, reverse engineering or independently re-creating the Group's products, services and technologies to create similar offerings.

In addition, as the volume of content that the Group distributes increases, claims relating to ownership of content may increase. Any claims, regardless of their merit, could be expensive and time-consuming to defend.

Since its inception, the Group has prioritised protection of its Intellectual Property, primarily that generated by its staff. Robust employment contracts protect internally generated IP whilst commercial contracts as well as non-disclosure contracts protect the Group's IP from external parties. The Group does not sell or distribute its software, thereby making reverse engineering more difficult.

Financial risk management

The Group's financial instruments comprise cash and liquid resources and various items, such as trade receivables and trade payables that arise directly from its operations. The main purpose of these financial instruments is to raise finance for the Group's operations. The principal financial risks faced by the Group are liquidity, foreign currency and credit risks. The policies and strategies for managing these risks are summarised below.

Foreign currency risk

Transactional foreign currency exposures arise from both the export of services from the UK to overseas clients, and from the import of services directly sourced from overseas suppliers.

The Group is primarily exposed to foreign exchange in relation to movements in sterling against the US Dollar, the Australian Dollar, the Euro and the Indian Rupee.

The Group does not use derivatives to hedge translation exposures. All gains and losses are recognised in the income statement on translation at the reporting date.

Credit risk

The Group's principal financial assets are cash and cash equivalents and trade and other receivables. During 2016 the Group had one client whose revenue accounted for 41% of total net revenue (2015: 21%). The Group, by policy, routinely assesses the financial strength of its clients. The Group has no significant concentration of credit risk at the balance sheet date and continues to monitor and manage its exposure. The maximum exposure to credit risk is that shown within the balance sheet. All amounts are short term and management consider the amounts to be of good credit quality.

Liquidity / funding risk

The Group's funding strategy is to ensure a mix of funding sources offering flexibility and cost effectiveness to match the requirements of the Group. Operating subsidiaries are financed by the Group. The Group is primarily funded through equity finance provided by the shareholders. For further information refer to Note 23 of the financial statements.

Environmental matters

As far as the directors of the Group are aware the Group's business does not cause an adverse impact on the environment.

Social, community and human rights issues

Brave Bison has adopted a formal equal opportunities policy which is contained in its employee handbook. The aim of the policy is to ensure no job applicant, employee or worker is discriminated against either directly or indirectly on the grounds of race, sex, disability, sexual orientation, gender reassignment; marriage or civil partnership; pregnancy or maternity; religion or belief or age.

Employees

At 31 December 2016, the Group had 81 FTE's (including contractors) of whom 53 were male and 28 were female. Of the senior members of management, 6 were male and 1 was female.

On behalf of the board

Kevin Deeley

Chief Operating and Finance Officer, Brave Bison Group plc

Report of the Directors

The directors are pleased to present their report to shareholders and the audited financial statements for the year 2016.

Brave Bison Group plc was incorporated on 30 October 2013 (initially as "Rightster Group plc"). On 9 May 2016 the Group changed its name from Rightster Group plc to Brave Bison Group plc.

On 28 October 2016, the Group established an entity in Singapore, and the entire share capital of Brave Bison Asia Pacific Pte. Limited is owned by the Group.

The preparation of the Group's financial statements is in compliance with IFRS as adopted by the European Union and gives a true and fair view of the assets, liabilities, financial position and loss of the Group. The Group financial statements consolidate the financial statements of Brave Bison Group plc and its subsidiaries.

Principal activity and business model 

The principal activity of the Group is monetising online video content. 

Brave Bison aims to become a leading global player in online video content marketing with particular emphasis on social media talent. The Group brings together Content Owners, Creators, Brands and Publishers and helps them build and engage online audiences with optimal impact and efficiency. It enables clients to commercialise their content to audiences worldwide, utilising some of the most popular online video platforms, including YouTube and Facebook.

Results and dividends 

The results for 2016 are set out in the consolidated income statement.

The directors do not propose payment of a dividend for 2016.

Review of the period 

A comprehensive analysis of the Group's progress and development is set out in the Chairman's statement and Strategic Report. This analysis includes comments on the position of the Group at the end of the financial period.

Significant events

Following the appointment of new management in late 2015, and the resulting change of strategy, the Group raised £10 million of new funding (before expenses) on 6 January 2016. The net proceeds of this Placing have allowed the Group to invest in Owned and Operated content and channels and have provided working capital to fund the continued operations of, and improvements in, the business.

There have been various changes to the management team and board during the year. On 20 May 2016, Niall Dore resigned his employment and his position as Director and Company Secretary and was succeeded by Kevin Deeley. Patrick Walker and John Barnett resigned their positions as Non-Executive Directors on 26 May 2016 and 23 September 2016 respectively. John Barnett was succeeded by Paul Marshall as nominee Non-Executive Director of Vesuvius Limited. Richard Mansell resigned his employment and his position as Director on 24 October 2016.

On 8 January 2017, Ashley MacKenzie resigned from his role as Chief Executive Officer, he remains on the board as a Director. On 30 January 2017 Kevin Deeley was appointed Chief Operating Officer and assumed the responsibilities of the Chief Executive Officer. It is intended that he will continue to carry out these responsibilities until the Group appoints a new Chief Executive Officer.

Significant shareholdings 

As at 31 December 2016, the following investors held more than 3% of the issued shares in the capital of Brave Bison:

Shareholder Number of Shares % of Total Issued Share Capital
 Woodford Investment Management LLP  113,205,556  19.80%
 Invesco Asset Management Limited  110,893,101  19.40%
 Vesuvius Limited  56,014,648  9.80%
 TCG LLC  31,610,503  5.53%
 James Russell DeLeon  30,000,000  5.25%
 Ashley MacKenzie  23,159,543  4.05%
 Kelvin MacKenzie  22,797,766  3.99%
 Herald Investment Management Limited  20,000,000  3.50%
 MMC GP Limited  18,960,698  3.32%

Related party transactions

Details of all related party transactions are set out in Note 25 to the Financial Statements.

Corporate governance

The Director's statement on Corporate Governance is set out on pages 15 to 18 and forms part of this report.

 

Going concern assessment 

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the going concern basis on the assumption that the Group continues in operational existence for the foreseeable future. 

The Directors have prepared detailed cash flow projections ("the Projections") which are based on their current expectations of trading prospects, and accordingly the Directors have concluded that it is appropriate to continue to adopt the going concern basis in preparing these financial statements. Further information is provided in Note 2.1 of these Financial Statements.

The Directors are confident that the Group's forecasts are achievable, and are committed to taking any actions available to them to ensure that any shortfall in forecast revenues is mitigated by cost savings. Accordingly the going concern basis of accounting has been adopted in preparing these consolidated financial statements.

 

Future outlook

The board believes that that the continuing roll out of the strategic plan, which includes simplifying the business and focusing on organic revenue growth, will support the Group's path to profitability. Management continues to work to transform the business from a third party technology provider to a business creating and capturing advertising spend, using its expertise in online video content and audience management. The directors believe this will enable Brave Bison to become a leading social video manager and producer with significant global reach amongst millennials as well as the younger generations.

 

Annual General Meeting 

Brave Bison's Annual General Meeting is scheduled to take place on 21 June 2017.

The directors, who served during the year, were as follows:

J A Barnett Ceased on 23 September 2016
N Dore Ceased on 20 May 2016
P Walker Ceased on 26 May 2016
R Mansell Ceased on 24 October 2016
A MacKenzie  
Sir R Miller  
M Cranmer  
K  Deeley Appointed 20 May 2016
P Marshall Appointed 21 September 2016

All 9 of the above directors are male.

Statement as to disclosure of information to auditors

So far as the Directors are aware, there is no relevant audit information (as defined by Section 418 of the Companies Act 2006) of which the Group's auditor is unaware, and each Director has taken all the steps that he ought to have taken as a Director in order to make himself aware of any relevant audit information and to establish that the Group's auditor is aware of that information.

Auditors

Grant Thornton UK LLP were reappointed as auditors on 9 May 2016 and, having expressed their willingness to continue in office, will be proposed for reappointment at the forthcoming Annual General Meeting in accordance with section 489 of the Companies Act 2006.

On behalf of the board

Sir Robin Miller
Chairman, Brave Bison Group plc

Statement of Directors' Responsibilities

The Directors are responsible for preparing the Strategic Report, the Report of the Directors and the financial statements in accordance with applicable law and regulations.

Company law requires the Directors to prepare financial statements for each financial period. Under that law the Directors have prepared the Group financial statements in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards IFRS as adopted by the European Union and elected to prepare the parent Group financial statements in accordance with the UK Generally Accepted Accounting Practice (UK accounting standards and applicable laws). Under company law the Directors must not approve the financial statements unless they are satisfied that they give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the Company and Group and of the profit or loss of the Company and Group for that period. In preparing these financial statements, the Directors are required to:

  • select suitable accounting policies and then apply them consistently;
  • state whether applicable IFRS/UK accounting standards have been followed, subject to any material departures disclosed and explained in the financial statements;
  • make judgements and accounting estimates that are reasonable and prudent;
  • prepare the financial statements on the going concern basis unless it is inappropriate to presume that the Group will continue in business.

The Directors are responsible for keeping adequate accounting records that are sufficient to show and explain the Group's transactions and disclose with reasonable accuracy at any time the financial position of the Group and enable them to ensure that the financial statements comply with the Companies Act 2006. They are also responsible for safeguarding the assets of the Group and, hence, for taking reasonable steps for the prevention and detection of fraud and other irregularities.

The Directors are responsible for the maintenance and integrity of the corporate and financial information included on the Group's website. Legislation in the United Kingdom governing the preparation and dissemination of financial statements may differ from legislation in other jurisdictions.

Statement on Corporate Governance

As a company listed on AIM, Brave Bison Group plc ("Brave Bison", or the "Company") is not required to comply with the UK Corporate Governance Code. However, we have reported on the corporate governance arrangements that we consider to be relevant to the Group and best practice. The board is committed to the regular review of Brave Bison's governance structures, its practices and procedures and the composition and performance of the board itself to ensure the highest standard of corporate governance, having regard to available resources. In view of this commitment in 2016 the Group joined the Quoted Companies Alliance.

The statement set out below describes the corporate governance principles applied by the Group.

The Board constitution and procedures

As at 31 December 2016, the board comprised the following: (I) the Non-Executive Chairman, Sir Robin Miller who was appointed on 16 November 2015 and served as Non-Executive Chairman throughout the year; (ii) the Chief Executive Officer, Ashley Mackenzie, who was appointed on 16 November 2015, served as Chief Executive Officer throughout the year, resigned as Chief Executive Officer on 8 January 2017 and continues to serve as a Director; (iii) the Chief Financial Officer, Kevin Deeley, who was appointed on 20 May 2016 and was subsequently appointed as Chief Operating Officer on 30 January 2017, assuming the responsibilities of Chief Executive Officer until such time as a new Chief Executive Officer is appointed; and (iv) two Non-Executive Directors, Mark Cranmer and Paul Marshall. Mr Cranmer was appointed on 16 November 2015 and served as a Non-Executive Director throughout the year and Mr Marshall was appointed on 21 September 2016, replacing John Barnett as nominee Non-Executive Director of Vesuvius Limited.

The Non-Executive Directors are all considered by the board to be independent of management and free of any relationship, which could materially interfere with the exercise of their independent judgment.

Niall Dore served as Company secretary until he stepped down in 20 May 2016, and was replaced by the Group's Head of Legal, Alex Davids.

Board operation

The roles of the Chairman and the Chief Executive Officer are separated, clearly defined and their respective responsibilities are summarised below.

Chairman

The Chairman provides leadership to the board. He is responsible for setting the agenda for board meetings, ensuring that the board receives the information that it needs to properly participate in board meetings in a timely and user-friendly fashion and that the board has sufficient time to discuss issues on the agenda.

Chief Executive Officer

The Chief Executive Officer is responsible for leadership of the Brave Bison's management and its employees on a day to day basis. In conjunction with senior management, he is responsible for the execution of strategy approved by the board and the implementation of board decisions.

How the Board functions

The board is collectively responsible for the long-term success of the Group. The board provides entrepreneurial leadership for Brave Bison within a framework of prudent and effective controls which enables risk to be assessed and managed. The board considers the management team's proposals for strategy and, following a consideration of those proposals, determines Brave Bison's strategy and ensures that the necessary resources are in place for management to execute that strategy. An important part of the board's role is the review of management performance.

The board met on 13 occasions during 2016. Board meetings are usually held at Brave Bison's registered office. Directors are provided with comprehensive background information for each meeting and all directors have been able to participate fully and on an informed basis in the board decisions. In addition, certain members of the senior management team have been invited to attend the whole or parts of the meetings to deliver reports on the business. Any specific actions arising during meetings are agreed by the board and followed up and reviewed at subsequent board meetings to ensure their completion.

Responsibility and delegation

The board has specifically reserved a number of matters for its consideration and approval. These include:

  • Overall leadership of Brave Bison and setting Brave Bison's values and standards
  • Approval of Brave Bison's long-term objectives and commercial strategy
  • Approval of the annual operating and capital expenditure budgets and any changes to them
  • Major investments or capital projects
  • The extension of Brave Bison's activities into any new business or geographic areas
  • Any decision to cease any material operations
  • Changes in Brave Bison's capital structure or management and control structure
  • Approval of the annual report and accounts and preliminary and half-yearly financial statements
  • Approval of treasury policies, including foreign currency exposures and use of financial derivatives
  • Ensuring the maintenance of a sound system of internal control and risk management
  • The entering into of agreements that are not in the ordinary course of business or material strategically or by reason of their size
  • Changes to the size, composition or structure of the board and its committees

 

The board has delegated certain of its responsibilities to committees. These committees comprise the Audit Committee, the Remuneration Committee, Nomination Committee and the AIM Compliance Committee. The Terms of Reference for each of the committees are available to view on Brave Bison's website: www.bravebison.io.

 

Board tenure

Kevin Deeley and Paul Marshall were each appointed as directors of Brave Bison Group plc by the board following the 2016 AGM. They are therefore retiring in accordance with article 30.2 of the Company's articles of association and, being eligible, are offering themselves for reappointment as Directors at the AGM to be held on 21 June 2017.

The board has collectively agreed that the directors proposed for re-election have made significant contributions to the business and each has a key role to play in determining Brave Bison's future strategy.

Insurance and indemnity

In accordance with Article 54 of the Brave Bison's articles of association, Brave Bison's directors and officers are entitled to an indemnity from Brave Bison against liabilities incurred by them in the actual or purported exercise of their duties, or exercise of their powers including liability incurred in defending any proceedings (whether civil or criminal) which relate to anything done or omitted to be done and in which judgment is given in his favour, or in which he is acquitted, or which are otherwise disposed of.

In addition, Brave Bison has purchased and maintains directors' and officers' liability insurance cover against certain legal liabilities and costs for claims incurred in respect of any act or omission in the execution of their duties and which has been in place throughout the year.

Board balance

The board comprises individuals with wide business experience gained in various industry sectors related to Brave Bison's business and it is the intention of the board to ensure that the balance of the directors reflects the changing needs of that business. The board considers that it is of a size and has the balance of skills, knowledge, experience and independence that is appropriate for Brave Bison's business. While not having a specific policy regarding the constitution and balance of the board, potential new directors are considered on their own merits with regards to their skills, knowledge, experience and credentials. Female candidates or candidates from any particular ethnic or national background would each be considered equally.

The Non-Executive Directors contribute their considerable collective experience and wide-ranging skills to the board and provide a valuable independent perspective; where necessary constructively challenging proposals, policy and practices of executive management. In addition, they helped formulate Brave Bison's strategy.

Relationship with shareholders

Primary responsibility for effective communication with shareholders lies with the Chairman, but all Brave Bison's directors are available to meet with shareholders throughout the year. The Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have been active in meeting with and preparing presentations for analysts and institutional investors. Brave Bison endeavours to answer all queries raised by shareholders promptly.

Investor relations (IR) and communications

Brave Bison's Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have attended a number of industry conferences and regularly meet or are in contact with existing and potential institutional investors.

Whenever required, the Executive Directors and the Chairman communicate with Brave Bison's brokers to confirm shareholder sentiment and to consult on particular governance issues.

In the period since Brave Bison's admission to AIM, regulatory announcements have been released informing the market of certain matters relating to the Company's shares, directorate changes, new content deals in sports, news and celebrity entertainment and providing trading updates. Copies of these announcements, together with other IR information and documents, are available on Brave Bison's website www.bravebison.io.

Summary

In presenting this report, and having monitored, reviewed or approved all shareholder communications since the date of Brave Bison's admission to AIM, the board is confident that it has presented a balanced and understandable assessment of Brave Bison's position and prospects.

By order of the board

Alex Davids

Company Secretary, Brave Bison Group plc

30 March 2017

Directors' Remuneration Report

The Remuneration Committee considers and evaluates remuneration arrangements for senior managers and other key employees and makes recommendations to the board. The purpose is to support the strategic aims of the business and shareholder interest, by enabling the recruitment, motivation and retention of key employees while complying with the requirements of regulatory and governance bodies.

The Committee's report, which is unaudited, except where indicated, is set out below.

The Committee

The Committee held three meetings during the year, the first two of which were chaired by Sir Robin Miller. Paul Marshall joined the Committee on 21 September 2016 and was subsequently appointed Chairman on 18 October 2016. Mark Cranmer continued to be a member of the Committee following his appointment in 2015. John Barnett left the committee on 21 September 2016 upon leaving the Board. The members of the Committee have no personal interest in the outcome of their decisions and give due regard to the interests of shareholders and to the continuing financial and commercial health of the business.

Remuneration policy

The policy of the board is to attract, retain and motivate the best managers by rewarding them with competitive compensation packages linked to the Group's financial and strategic objectives. The components of remuneration for Executive Directors currently comprise base salary, benefits, bonus and participation in the Group's Share Option Plan.

Base salary

The Group aims to provide salaries which are fair and reasonable in comparison with companies of a similar size, industry, complexity and international scope. When making salary determinations, the Committee takes into account not only competitive performance but also each executive's individual performance and overall contribution to the business during the year.

Annual bonus

Bonuses are currently based on performance against the Group's strategic and financial objectives and provide for an on-target bonus opportunity subject to the achievement of financial performance targets.

Service contracts

Ashley MacKenzie

Ashley MacKenzie entered into a service agreement with the Company on 17 November 2015. The terms of the agreement provide for, amongst other things, (I) salary of £200,000 per annum, payable in monthly instalments in arrears (such salary to be reviewed annually); (ii) termination upon 12 months' written notice by the Company; and (iii) surrender by Ashley MacKenzie of certain rights to intellectual property created or developed by Ashley Mackenzie whilst an employee of the Company. Ashley MacKenzie is also permitted (a) a bonus of 50 per cent of his base salary, upon achievement by the Group of Net Revenue and EBITDA targets for the year; and (b) a bonus up to a maximum of 50 per cent of his base salary if and to the extent that the remuneration committee (in its absolute discretion) agrees that other pre-agreed targets have been met. Ashley MacKenzie is also subject to certain restrictive covenants, which, among other things prevent him from using or disclosing confidential information otherwise than in the proper course of employment, soliciting or inducing any customers or suppliers of the Company, persuading or attempting to persuade any employee to terminate their employment with any member of the Group or being engaged, concerned or interested in any business which is in competition with the Group.

Ashley MacKenzie resigned his employment on 8 January 2017 and he remains on the board as a Director.

Patrick Walker

Patrick Walker resigned his employment on 17 November 2015 and he left the Board on 26 May 2016. In the period Patrick Walker received £230,100 in relation to compensation for loss of office and £5,833 in relation to his services as Non-Executive Director.

Niall Dore

Niall Dore entered into a service agreement with the Company on 15 December 2014 (and commenced work on 5 January 2015). The terms of the agreement provide for, amongst other things, (I) salary of £190,000 per annum, payable in monthly instalments in arrears (such salary to be reviewed annually); (ii) termination upon six months' written notice by the Company; and (iii) surrender by Niall Dore of certain rights to intellectual property created or developed by Niall Dore whilst an employee of the Company. Niall Dore is also entitled to a bonus on a sliding scale of up to a maximum of 50 per cent of his base salary, upon achieving certain targets in respect of, inter alia, net revenue, operating profit and total operating costs. Niall Dore is also subject to certain restrictive covenants, which, among other things prevent him from using or disclosing confidential information otherwise than in the proper course of employment, soliciting or inducing any customers or suppliers of the Company, persuading or attempting to persuade any employee to terminate their employment with any member of the Group or being engaged, concerned or interested in any business which is in competition with the Group.

Niall Dore resigned his employment and his position as Director and Company Secretary on 20 May 2016.

Kevin Deeley

Kevin Deeley entered into a service agreement with the Company on 9 May 2016. The terms of the agreement provide for, amongst other things, (I) salary of £140,000 per annum, payable in monthly instalments in arrears (such salary to be reviewed annually); (ii) termination upon 6 months' written notice by the Company; and (iii) surrender by Kevin Deeley of certain rights to intellectual property created or developed by Kevin Deeley whilst an employee of the Company. Kevin Deeley is also entitled to a bonus on a sliding scale of up to a maximum of 50 per cent of his base salary, upon achieving certain targets as agreed with the Committee including net revenue, operating profit and total operating costs. Kevin Deeley is also subject to certain restrictive covenants, which, among other things prevent him from using or disclosing confidential information otherwise than in the proper course of employment, soliciting or inducing any customers or suppliers of the Company, persuading or attempting to persuade any employee to terminate their employment with any member of the Group or being engaged, concerned or interested in any business which is in competition with the Group.

Richard Mansell

Richard Mansell entered into a service agreement with the Company on 17 November 2015. The terms of the agreement provide for, amongst other things, (I) salary of £166,500 per annum, payable in monthly instalments in arrears (such salary to be reviewed annually); (ii) termination upon 12 months' written notice by the Company; and (iii) surrender by Richard Mansell of certain rights to intellectual property created or developed by Richard Mansell whilst an employee of the Company. Richard Mansell is also permitted (a) a bonus of 50 per cent of his base salary, upon achievement by the Group of Net Revenue and EBITDA targets for the year; and (b) a bonus up to a maximum of 50 per cent of his base salary if and to the extent that the remuneration committee (in its absolute discretion) agrees that pre-agreed targets have been met. Richard Mansell is also subject to certain restrictive covenants, which, among other things prevent him from using or disclosing confidential information otherwise than in the proper course of employment, soliciting or inducing any customers or suppliers of the Company, persuading or attempting to persuade any employee to terminate their employment with any member of the Group or being engaged, concerned or interested in any business which is in competition with the Group.

Richard Mansell resigned his employment and his position as Director on 24 October 2016.

Non-Executive Director Appointment Letter

Each Non-Executive Director entered into a letter of appointment with the Company on substantially the same terms. Non-Executive Directors are paid fees and the Company shall reimburse their reasonable, authorised and properly documented expenses that are incurred in the performance of their duties. The initial term of appointment is four years, unless terminated earlier by either the Company or the Non-Executive Director giving the other one month's prior written notice. The Non-Executive Director may be removed as a Director at any time in accordance with the New Articles or the Companies Act (for example, by a valid resolution of the Shareholders). The Company may terminate the appointment immediately in certain circumstances, such as if a material breach of obligations is committed by the Non-Executive Director.

Sir Robin Miller continued as Chairman in 2016 and was paid an annual fee of £55,000 for his services in satisfaction of this role during the period. Mark Cranmer continued as Non-Executive Director in 2016 and was paid an annual fee of £35,000 for his services in satisfaction of this role during the period. Paul Marshall was appointed as Non-Executive Director on 21 September 2016 and was paid £7,000 for his services in satisfaction of this role during the period. Patrick Walker stepped down as Non-Executive Director on 26 May 2016 and was paid £6,000 for his services in satisfaction of this role during the period. John Barnett stepped down as Non-Executive Director on 21 September 2016 and was paid £26,000 for his services in satisfaction of this role during the period.

 

 

Salary and pension

Compensation for loss of office

Bonus

Aggregate Emoluments

 

 

£000's

£000's

£000's

£000's

A MacKenzie

 

210

-

100

310

K Deeley

 

90

-

70

160

 

 

 

 

 

 

P Walker

 

-

230

-

230

N Dore

 

83

95

-

178

R Mansell

 

117

-

-

117

C S Muirhead

 

-

25

-

25

Non-Executive Directors

The Non-Executive Directors serve under Contracts, and have received fees in 2016, as detailed in the table below:

 

Fees

 

£000's

R Miller

55

M Cranmer

35

P Marshall 

7

 

 

P Walker   

6

J Barnett   

26

Share options

Under the group's share option scheme that was introduced in September 2013, executives may be awarded share options. The vesting of the award is between three and four years from the date of grant, depending on the agreement.

The interests of the Executive Directors in Ordinary Shares subject to awards under this plan as at 31 December 2016 were as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Granted during the year

Exercised during the year

Lapsed in the year

Outstanding as at 31 December 2016

Exercise prices

 Vesting Dates

Ashley MacKenzie

Kevin Deeley

Kevin Deeley is the holder of 1,379,389 options included above which were granted in previous years in relation to the acquisition of Base79 Group and which are fully vested.

The interests of the Non-Executive Directors in Ordinary Shares subject to awards under this plan as at 31 December 2016, were as follows:

 

Granted during the year

Exercised during the year

Lapsed in the year

Outstanding as at 31 December 2016

Exercise prices

 Vesting Dates

Robin Miller

Mark Cranmer

 

Directors' interests

The interests of the Directors in the issued Ordinary Shares as at 31 December 2016 are as follows:

Director   Number of Ordinary Shares
 A MacKenzie  23,159,543
 K Deeley  1,988,859
 R Miller  1,693,243
 M Cranmer  800,000

Other transactions that occurred with Directors during the year are detailed in Note 25 of the accounts under Related Party Transactions.

Paul Marshall

Chairman of the Remuneration Committee, Brave Bison Group plc

REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT AUDITOR TO THE MEMBERS OF BRAVE BISON GROUP PLC

Independent auditor's report to the members of Brave Bison Group plc
We have audited the group financial statements of Brave Bison Group plc for the year ended 31 December 2016 which comprise the consolidated income statement and consolidated statement of comprehensive income, the consolidated statement of financial position, the consolidated statement of cash flows, the consolidated statement of changes in equity and the related notes. The financial reporting framework that has been applied in their preparation is applicable law and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) as adopted by the European Union.

This report is made solely to the company's members, as a body, in accordance with Chapter 3 of Part 16 of the Companies Act 2006. Our audit work has been undertaken so that we might state to the company's members those matters we are required to state to them in an auditor's report and for no other purpose. To the fullest extent permitted by law, we do not accept or assume responsibility to anyone other than the company and the company's members as a body, for our audit work, for this report, or for the opinions we have formed.

Respective responsibilities of Directors and auditor
As explained more fully in the Statement of Directors' Responsibilities set out on page 14, the directors are responsible for the preparation of the group financial statements and for being satisfied that they give a true and fair view. Our responsibility is to audit and express an opinion on the Group financial statements in accordance with applicable law and International Standards on Auditing (UK and Ireland). Those standards require us to comply with the Auditing Practices Board’s Ethical Standards for Auditors.


Scope of the audit of the financial statements
A description of the scope of an audit of financial statements is provided on the Financial Reporting Council's website at www.frc.org.uk/auditscopeukprivate.

Opinion on financial statements

In our opinion, the group financial statements:

  • give a true and fair view of the state of the group's affairs as at 31 December 2016 and of its loss for the year then ended;
  • have been properly prepared in accordance with IFRSs as adopted by the European Union;
  • have been prepared in accordance with the requirements of the Companies Act 2006.

Opinion on other matter prescribed by the Companies Act 2006

In our opinion, based on the work undertaken in the course of the audit:

  • the information given in the Strategic Report and the Report of the Directors for the financial year for which the group financial statements are prepared is consistent with the financial statements; and
  • the Strategic Report and the Report of the Directors have been prepared in accordance with applicable legal requirements.

Matter on which we are required to report under the Companies Act 2006

In the light of the knowledge and understanding of the Group and its environment obtained in the course of the audit, we have not identified material misstatements in the Strategic Report or the Report of the Directors.

Matters on which we are required to report by exception

We have nothing to report in respect of the following matters where the Companies Act 2006 requires us to report to you if, in our opinion:

  • certain disclosures of directors' remuneration specified by law are not made; or
  • we have not received all the information and explanations we require for our audit.

Other matter

We have reported separately on the parent company financial statements of Brave Bison Group plc for the year ended 31 December 2016.

Mark Henshaw

Senior Statutory Auditor

for and on behalf of Grant Thornton UK LLP

Statutory Auditor, Chartered Accountants

London

30 March 2017

CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENT AND CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

For the year ended 31 December 2016

 

 

31

31

 

Note

December

 2016

 December

2015

 

 

£000's

£000's

 

Total revenues including commission share

 

26,536

24,249

Less commission share

 

  (8,817)

(9,694)

Revenue

6

17,719

14,555

Cost of sales

 

(10,040)

(8,447)

Gross profit

 

7,679

6,108

 

 

 

 

Administration expenses

 

(12,913)

(18,974)

Restructuring costs

 

(1,209)

(1,599)

Operating loss

7

(6,443)

(14,465)

 

 

 

 

Exceptional items

8

-

(2,226)

Impairment charge

 

-

(36,038)

Finance income

 

13

15

Finance costs

9

  (55)

(1,713)

Loss before tax

7

(6,485)

(54,427)

 

 

 

 

Analysed as

 

 

 

Operating loss before tax adjusted for exceptional items, non-cash and restructuring costs

(1,812)

(8,686)

Restructuring costs

(1,209)

(1,599)

Exceptional items

 

-

(2,226)

Equity settled share based payments

 

(511)

(1,138)

EBITDA

 

(3,532)

(13,649)

Finance costs

 

(55)

(1,713)

Finance income

 

13

15

Impairment charge

 

-

(36,038)

Depreciation

 

(75)

(269)

Amortisation

 

(2,836)

(2,773)

Loss before tax

 

(6,485)

(54,427)


Income tax credit

10

589

2,130

 

 

 

 

Loss attributable to equity holders of the parent

 

(5,896)

(52,297)

 

 

 

 

Statement of Comprehensive Income

 

 

 

Loss for the year

 

(5,896)

(52,297)

Items that may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss

 

 

 

Exchange loss on translation of foreign subsidiaries

 

(511)

(62)

Total comprehensive loss for the year attributable to owners of the parent

 

(6,407)

(52,359)


Loss per share (basic and diluted)

 

 

 

Basic and diluted loss per ordinary share (pence)

11

(1.04p)

(19.4p)

All transactions arise from continuing operations. 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL POSITION

As at 31st December 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31

December

At 31

December

 

Note

2016

2015

 

 

£000's

£000's

 

 

 

 

Non-current assets

 

 

 

Intangible assets

13

17,019

19,062

Property, plant and equipment

14

123

79

 

 

17,142

19,141

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

Trade and other receivables

16

6,457

7,445

Cash and cash equivalents

 

7,051

3,134

 

 

13,508

10,579

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

Trade and other payables

17

(7,847)

(9,769)

Borrowings and other financial liabilities

18

(389)

-

 

 

(8,236)

(9,769)

 

 

 

 

Non-current Liabilities

 

 

 

Borrowings and other financial liabilities

18

-

(334)

Deferred tax

15

(2,544)

(3,139)

 

 

(2,544)

(3,473)

 

 

 

 

Net Assets

 

19,870

16,478

 

 

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

Share capital

19

572

369

Share premium

 

78,312

69,227

Capital redemption reserve

 

6,660

6,660

Merger reserve

 

(24,060)

(24,060)

Convertible loan note

18

68

68

Merger relief reserve

 

62,624

62,624

Retained deficit

 

(103,583)

(98,198)

Translation reserve

 

(723)

(212)

Total equity

 

19,870

16,478

 

 

 

 

The financial statements on pages 26 to 58 were authorised for issue by the Board of Directors on 30 March 2017

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

For the year ended 31 December 2016

 

2016

2015

 

£000's

£000's

Operating activities

Loss before tax

(6,485)

(54,427)

Adjustments:

 

 

Depreciation, amortisation and impairment

2,911

39,081

Finance income

(13)

(15)

Finance costs

55

1,713

Share based payment charges

511

1,138

Increase in deferred consideration

-

1,732

Movement in foreign exchange

(550)

-

Deferred consideration classified as remuneration

-

366

Decrease /(Increase) in trade and other receivables

988

(794)

(Decrease) /Increase in trade and other payables

(1,922)

1,128

Movement in provisions

-

(214)

Tax (paid) / received

(6)

2,040

Cash outflow from operating activities

(4,511)

(8,252)

 

 

 

Investing activities

 

 

Purchase of property plant and equipment

(119)

(12)

Purchase of intangible assets

(793)

(1,332)

Payment of deferred consideration

-

(851)

Interest received

13

15

Cash outflow from investing activities

(899)

(2,180)

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

Issue of share capital

10,002

5,185

Share issue costs

(714)

(399)

Loan finance raised

-

384

Cash inflow from financing activities

9,288

5,170

 

 

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

3,878

(5,262)

 

 

 

Movement in net cash

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year

3,134

8,458

Increase / (Decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

3,878

(5,262)

Movement in foreign exchange

39

(62)

Cash and cash equivalents, end of year

7,051

3,134

 

 

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

For the year ended 31 December 2016

 

 

 

 

Share

Capital

Share

premium

 

Capital redemption Reserve

 

Convertible

Loan

Note

 

 

Merger Reserve

 

 

Merger relief Reserve

 

 

Translation

Reserve

Retained

deficit

Total

Equity

 

£000's

£000's

£000's

£000's

£000's

£000's

£000's

£000's

£000's

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 1 January 2015

194

64,471

6,660

-

(24,060)

41,009

(150)

(50,414)

37,710

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares issued during the year

175

5,160

-

-

-

21,615

-

-

26,950

Share issue costs

-

(404)

-

-

-

-

-

-

(404)

Equity settled share based payments               -

-

-

-

-

-

-

4,513

4,513

Issue of convertible loan notes                        -

-

-

68

-

-

-

-

68

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transactions with owners

175

4,756

-

68

-

21,615

-

4,513

31,127

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss and total comprehensive income for the year                -

-

-

-

-

(62)

(52,297)

(52,359)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 December 2015

369

69,227

6,660

68

(24,060)

62,624

(212)

(98,198)

16,478

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares issued during the year

200

9,799

-

-

-

-

-

-

9,999

Share issue costs                                             -

(714)

-

-

-

-

-

-

(714)

Equity settled share based payments             -

-

-

-

-

-

-

511

511

Exercise of share options

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transactions with owners

203

9,085

-

-

-

-

-

511

9,799

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss and total comprehensive income for the year                -

-

-

-

-

(511)

(5,896)

(6,407)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 December 2016

572

78,312

6,660

68

(24,060)

62,624

(723)

(103,583)

19,870

For the year ended 31 December 2016

  1. Brave Bison
    1. BRAVE BISON GROUP PLC ("the Company") (formerly Rightster Group plc) was incorporated in England and Wales on 30 October 2013 under the Companies Act 2006 (registration number 08754680) and its registered address is 3rd Floor, 1 Neal Street, London, WC2H 9QL. On 12 November 2013 the Company entered into share exchange agreements to acquire 100% of the issued share capital of Brave Bison Limited, a company incorporated in England and Wales on 16 May 2011 and registered at the same address. On 12 November 2013 the Company was admitted to the Alternative Investment Market (AIM) where its ordinary shares are traded.
    2. The consolidated financial statements of the Group for the year ended 31 December 2016 comprise the Company and its subsidiaries (together referred to as the "Group"). The Group provides an online video distribution and marketing network, providing rights holders, online publishers and advertisers with the tools and expertise required to engage audiences and optimise digital revenues. The Group's business activities, together with the factors likely to affect its future development, performance and position are set out in the Strategic Report on page 4, in addition, Note 23 to the financial statements includes the Group's objectives, policies and processes for managing its capital; its financial risk management objectives; details of its financial instruments and its exposure to credit risk and liquidity risk.
  2. Basis of preparation
    1. Going Concern
      1. The financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which assumes that the Group will be able to meet its liabilities as they fall due for the foreseeable future. The Group is dependent for its working capital requirements on cash generated from operations, cash holdings and from equity markets. The cash holdings of the Group at 31 December 2016 were £7.1 million (2015: £3.1 million).
      2. The Group made a loss before tax of £6.5 million for the year ended 31 December 2016 (2015: £54.4 million).
      3. The Directors have prepared detailed cash flow projections ("the Projections") which are based on their current expectations of trading prospects. The board forecasts that the Group will achieve a positive cash inflow in 2018 and has sufficient cash on hand to reach that goal. Accordingly, the Directors have concluded that it is appropriate to continue to adopt the going concern basis in preparing these financial statements.
      4. The Directors are confident that the Group's forecasts are achievable, and are committed to taking any actions available to them to ensure that any shortfall in forecast revenues is mitigated by cost savings. Accordingly the going concern basis of accounting has been adopted in preparing these consolidated financial statements.
      5. In October 2016 the Group obtained agreement from Barclays Bank to provide up to £2.0 million overdraft facility on market terms, secured on the assets of the Group. This is intended to provide occasional short-term working capital support. The facility has not yet been drawn down and there is no forecast need to do so.
    2. Basis of consolidation
      1. The consolidated financial statements consolidate the financial statements of Brave Bison Group plc and all its subsidiary undertakings up to 31 December 2016, with comparative information presented for the year ended 31 December 2015. No profit and loss account is presented for Brave Bison Group plc as permitted by section 408 of the Companies Act 2006.
      2. Subsidiaries are all entities over which the Group has the power to control the financial and operating policies and is exposed to or has rights over variable returns from its involvements with the investee and has the power to affect returns.  Brave Bison Group plc obtains and exercises control through more than half of the voting rights for all its subsidiaries. All subsidiaries have a reporting date of 31 December and are consolidated from the acquisition date, which is the date from which control passes to Brave Bison Group plc.
      3. Entities other than subsidiaries or joint ventures, in which the Group has a participating interest and over whose operating and financial policies the Group exercises significant influence, are treated as associates. The results of associate undertakings are consolidated under the equity method of accounting. The Group applies uniform accounting policies and all intra-group transactions, balances, income and expenses are eliminated on consolidation.
      4. Unrealised gains and losses on transactions between Group companies are eliminated. Where recognised losses on intra-group asset sales are reversed on consolidation, the underlying asset is also tested for impairment from a Group perspective.
      5. Business combinations are dealt with by the acquisition method. The acquisition method involves the recognition at fair value of all identifiable assets and liabilities, including contingent liabilities of the subsidiary, at the acquisition date, regardless of whether or not they were recorded in the financial statements of the subsidiary prior to acquisition. On initial recognition, the assets and liabilities of the subsidiary are included in the consolidated statement of financial position at their fair values, which are also used as the basis for subsequent measurement in accordance with the Group accounting policies. Goodwill is stated after separating out identifiable intangible assets. Goodwill represents the excess of acquisition cost over the fair value of the Group's share of the identifiable net assets of the acquired subsidiary at the date of acquisition. 
      6. Profit or loss and other comprehensive income of subsidiaries acquired or disposed of during the year are recognised from the effective date of acquisition, or up to the effective date of disposal, as applicable.
    3. Adoption of new and revised standards
      1. New and amended standards issued in the year have not had a significant impact on the financial statements.  At the date of authorisation of these financial statements, certain new standards, amendments and interpretations to existing standards have been published by the IASB and adopted by the EU but are not yet effective, and have not been adopted early by the Group. Management anticipates that all of the relevant pronouncements will be adopted in the Group's accounting policies for the first period beginning after the effective date of the pronouncement. Information on new standards, amendments and interpretations that are expected to be relevant to the Group's financial statements is provided below. Certain other new standards and interpretations have been issued but are not expected to have a material impact on the Group's financial statements.
        • Classification and measurement of share based payments transactions (Amendments to IFRS 2) (effective 1 January 2018);
        • Amendments resulting from September 2014 Annual Improvements to IFRSs (Amendments to IFRS 1, IFRS 12 and IAS 28) (effective 1 January 2018 for IFRS 1 and IAS 28; effective 1 January 2017 for IFRS 12);
        • IFRS 15, 'Revenue from Contracts with Customers' (effective 1 January 2018);
        • Clarifications to IFRS 15 'Revenue from Contracts with Customers' (effective 1 January 2018);
        • Disclosure initiative (Amendment to IAS 7) (effective 1 January 2017);
        • IFRS 9, 'Financial Instruments' (effective 1 January 2018);
        • Recognition of Deferred Tax Assets for Unrealised Losses (Amendments to IAS 12) (effective 1 January 2017); and
        • IFRS 16 'Leases' (effective 1 January 2019).
  3. Statement of compliance
    1. The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the accounting policies and presentation required by International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), and International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee ("IFRIC") Interpretations as endorsed by the European Union. They are presented in pounds sterling. The financial statements have also been prepared in accordance with those parts of the Companies Act 2006 that are relevant to companies that prepare financial statements in accordance with IFRS.
  4. Summary of accounting policies
    1. Revenue
      1. Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable and represents amounts receivable for services provided in the normal course of business, net of discounts and sales related taxes.
      2. Revenue is recognised when the amount of revenue can be measured reliably, it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the transaction will flow to the entity, the costs incurred or to be incurred can be measured reliably, and when the criteria for each of the Group's different activities has been met.
      3. Gross versus Net Revenue recognition:
      4. The Group must determine whether to report revenue based on the gross amount billed to the ultimate customer or on the net amount received from the customer after commissions and other payments to third parties. To the extent revenues are recorded on a gross basis, any commissions or other payments to third parties are recorded as expense so that the net amount (gross revenues less expense) is reflected in Operating Profit. Accordingly, the impact on Operating Profit is the same whether the Group records revenue on a gross or net basis.
      5. The determination of whether revenue should be reported on a gross or net basis is based on an assessment of whether the Group is acting as the principal or an agent in the transaction. If the Group is acting as a principal in a transaction, the Group reports revenue on a gross basis. If the Group is acting as an agent in a transaction, the Group reports revenue on a net basis. The determination of whether the Group is acting as a principal or an agent in a transaction involves judgment and is based on an evaluation of the terms of an arrangement:
        1. The Group serves as the principal in transactions in which it has substantial risks and rewards of ownership. In the context of Brave Bison's business we take this to be where we have agreed a "buy out" of content which means the Group acts as the principal and pays an agreed fee to the rights holder but then retains all revenues associated with the monetisation of the rights. Both risk and reward are hence taken on by Brave Bison;
        2. The Group serves as an agent in transactions in which the Group does not guarantee a level of revenue that will be generated by the Rights Holder. In addition it does not modify or alter the video received from the Rights Holder other than what is required for the fulfilment of the contractual obligations agreed with the customer.
      6. When an agency relationship exists, the costs associated with the revenue derived are reported within commission share expense. Costs associated with revenue in which Brave Bison is the principal are reported within cost of sales.
      7. The accounting policies specific to the Group's key operating revenue categories are outlined below:
      8. Advertising revenue:
        1. Monetisation of content owners' videos via platforms and other third party publishers such as YouTube and Facebook through revenue share or licensing agreements. The Group is acting as an agent and recognises only its proportion of the revenue share agreement.
      9. In the instances above, Brave Bison's fee is a revenue share in the transaction, which is either a share of the gross receipts or a share of the net amount accruing to the rights holder. The Group therefore acts as an agent in executing transactions between these third parties.
        1. Managing the creation of branded content and being responsible for procuring the talent and the associated production costs. The Group recognises revenue on a gross revenue basis as it is acting as principal;
        2. Delivering a target level of website views within the boundaries of the budget allocated by the customer. The Group recognises revenue on a gross revenue basis as it is acting as principal.
      10. In the instances above, Brave Bison has taken on the risks and rewards of ownership as the Group will incur costs associated with fulfilling the agreements regardless of the level of revenue recognised i.e. there is a risk that fulfilling the contract may result in a much lower gross margin than was expected.
      11. Fee Based Service revenue:
        1. Managing customer content on YouTube. The Group recognises revenue on a gross revenue basis as it is acting as principal;
        2. Providing agencies with requested content. The Group recognises revenue on a gross revenue basis as it is acting as principal;
        3. Providing content direct to the consumer on a subscription basis. Revenue is recognised evenly over the subscription period. The Group recognises revenue on a gross revenue basis as it is acting as principal;
        4. Services relating to the placement and distribution of theatrical trailers in the film industry. The Group recognises revenue on a gross revenue basis as it is acting as principal.
      12. In all instances above, Brave Bison has taken on the risks and rewards of ownership as the Group will incur costs associated with fulfilling the contracts for services regardless of the level of revenue recognised i.e. there is a risk that the service may be completed for much higher costs than expected or that the level of revenue to be billed is lower than expected.
    2. Interest and dividend income
      1. Interest income and expenses are reported on an accrual basis using the effective interest method. Dividend income, other than from investments in associates, is recognised at the time the right to receive payment is established.
    3. Foreign currency translation
      1. Transactions in foreign currencies are translated at the exchange rate ruling at the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currencies are translated at the rates of exchange ruling at the balance sheet date. Non-monetary items that are measured at historical cost in a foreign currency are translated at the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary items that are measured at fair value in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rates at the date when the fair value was determined.
      2. Any exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on translating monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded are recognised in the profit or loss in the period in which they arise.
      3. rate of exchange ruling at the balance sheet date. Income and expenses are translated at the actual rate on the date of transaction. The exchange differences arising from the retranslation of the opening net investment in subsidiaries and on income and expenses during the year are recognised in other comprehensive income and taken to the "translation reserve" in equity. On disposal of a foreign operation the cumulative translation differences (including, if applicable, gains and losses on related hedges) are transferred to the income statement as part of the gain or loss on disposal.
    4. Segment reporting
      1. IFRS 8 Operating Segments requires operating segments to be identified on the same basis as is used internally for the review of performance and allocation of resources by the Group Chief Executive (chief operating decision maker - CODM).
      2. The board has reviewed the Group and all revenues are functional activities of monetising online video content and these activities take place on an integrated basis.  The senior executive team review the financial information on an integrated basis for the Group as a whole, with respective heads of business who are geographically located and in accordance with IFRS 8 Operating Segments, the Group will be providing only a geographical split as it considers that all activities fall within one segment of business which is monetising online video content.
      3. Segmental information is presented in accordance with IFRS 8 for all periods presented.
    5. Leasing
      1. Rentals payable under operating leases are charged to the income statement on a straight-line basis over the term of the relevant lease.  Benefits received and receivable as an incentive to enter into an operating lease are also spread on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
    6. Property, plant and equipment
      1. Property, plant and equipment are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment.  Depreciation is calculated to write down the cost less estimated residual value of all property, plant and equipment by equal annual instalments over their expected useful lives less estimated residual values, using the straight line method.  The rates generally applicable are:
        1. Fixtures & Fittings - 3 years
        2. Computer Equipment - 3 years
      2. The gain or loss arising on the disposal or retirement of an item of property, plant and equipment is determined as the difference between the sales proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and is recognised in profit or loss.
      3. The assets' residual value and useful lives are reviewed, and adjusted if required, at each balance sheet date.  The carrying amount of an asset is written down immediately to its recoverable amount if the carrying amount is greater than its estimated recoverable amount.
    7. Impairment of property, plant and equipment
      1. At each balance sheet date, the Group reviews the carrying amounts of its property, plant and equipment to determine whether there is any indication that those assets have suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment loss (if any). Where it is not possible to estimate the recoverable amount of an individual asset, the Group estimates the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. Recoverable amount is the higher of fair value less costs of disposal and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset.
      2. If the recoverable amount of an asset (or cash-generating unit) is estimated to be less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount of the asset (or cash-generating unit) is reduced to its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is recognised immediately in profit or loss.
      3. Where an impairment loss subsequently reverses, the carrying amount of the asset (or cash-generating unit) is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount, but so that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognised for the asset (cash-generating unit) in prior years. A reversal of an impairment loss is recognised immediately in profit or loss.
    8. Intangible assets
      1. An intangible asset, which is an identifiable non-monetary asset without physical substance, is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the expected future economic benefits attributable to the asset will flow to the Group and that its cost can be measured reliably. The asset is deemed to be identifiable when it is separable or when it arises from contractual or other legal rights.
      2. Intangible assets acquired as part of a business combination, are shown at fair value at the date of the acquisition less accumulated amortisation.  Amortisation is charged on a straight line basis through the profit or loss.  The rates applicable, which represent the Directors' best estimate of the useful economic life, are:
        1. Customer relationships - 5 to 10 years
        2. Technology - 1 to 5 years
        3. Brands - 3 years
        4. Online channel content - 3 years
    9. Impairment of intangible assets
      1. At each balance sheet date, the Group reviews the carrying amounts of its intangible assets and goodwill to determine whether there is any indication that those assets have suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment loss (if any). Where it is not possible to estimate the recoverable amount of an individual asset, the Group estimates the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs.
      2. Recoverable amount is the higher of fair value less costs of disposal and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset.
      3. If the recoverable amount of an asset (or cash-generating unit) is estimated to be less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount of the asset (or cash-generating unit) is reduced to its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is recognised immediately in profit or loss.  Impairments are charged to goodwill first and then on a pro-rata basis across other intangible assets once goodwill has been reduced to Nil.
      4. Goodwill
      5. Goodwill represents the difference between the cost of the acquisition and the fair value of the net identifiable assets acquired. Identifiable intangibles are those which can be sold separately or which arise from legal rights regardless of whether those rights are separable.
      6. Goodwill is stated at cost less any accumulated impairment losses. Goodwill is allocated to the cash-generating units that are expected to benefit from the synergies of the combination and is not amortised but tested annually for impairment.  Impairment losses in respect of goodwill cannot be subsequently reversed.
    10. Development costs
      1. Expenditure on the research phase of an internal project is recognised as an expense in the period in which it is incurred.  Development costs incurred on specific projects are capitalised when all the following conditions are satisfied:
        1. Completion of the asset is technically feasible so that it will be available for use or sale;
        2. The Group intends to complete the asset and use or sell it;
        3. The Group has the ability to use or sell the asset and the asset will generate probable future economic benefits (over and above cost);
        4. There are adequate technical, financial and other resources to complete the development and to use or sell the asset; and
        5. The expenditure attributable to the asset during its development can be measured reliably.
      2. Development costs not meeting the criteria for capitalisation are expensed as incurred.  The cost of an internally generated asset comprises all directly attributable costs necessary to create, produce and prepare the asset to be capable of operating in the manner intended by management.  Directly attributable costs include employee (other than Director) costs incurred along with third party costs.
      3. Judgement by the Directors is applied when deciding whether the recognition requirements for development costs have been met.  Judgements are based on the information available at the time when costs are incurred.  In addition, all internal activities related to the research and development of new projects is continuously monitored by the Directors.
    11. Taxation
      1. Tax expenses recognised in profit or loss comprise the sum of the tax currently payable and deferred tax not recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity.
      2. Current tax
        1. The tax currently payable is based on taxable profit for the year. Taxable profit differs from profit as reported in the statement of comprehensive income because it excludes items of income or expense that are taxable or deductible in other years and it further excludes items that are never taxable or deductible. The Group's liability for current tax is calculated using tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.
      3. Deferred tax
        1. Deferred tax is recognised on differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in the financial statements and the corresponding tax bases used in the computation of taxable profit, and are accounted for using the liability method. Deferred tax liabilities are generally recognised for all taxable temporary differences, and deferred tax assets are generally recognised for all deductible temporary differences to the extent that it is probable that taxable profits will be available against which those deductible temporary differences can be recognised. Such assets and liabilities are not recognised if the temporary difference arises from goodwill or from the initial recognition (other than in a business combination) of other assets and liabilities in a transaction that affects neither the taxable profit nor the accounting profit. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for taxable temporary differences associated with investments in subsidiaries except where the Group is able to control the reversal of the temporary difference and it is probable that the temporary difference will not reverse in the foreseeable future. Deferred tax assets arising from deductible temporary differences associated with such investments are only recognised to the extent that it is probable that there will be sufficient taxable profits against which to recognise the benefits of the temporary differences and they are expected to reverse in the foreseeable future.
        2. The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each reporting date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profits will be available to allow all or part of the asset to be recovered. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the period in which the liability is settled or the asset recognised based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. The measurement of deferred tax liabilities and assets reflects the tax consequences that would follow from the manner in which the Group expects, at the reporting date, to recover or settle the carrying amount of its assets and liabilities.
        3. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and when they relate to income taxes levied by the same taxation authority and the Group intends to settle its current tax assets and liabilities on a net basis.
    12. Financial Instruments
      1. Financial assets
        1. Financial assets are recognised when the Group becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the financial instrument.
      2. Loans and receivables
        1. Trade receivables and other receivables that have fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted in an active market are classified as 'loans and receivables'.  Loans and receivables are initially recognised at fair value and are subsequently measured using the effective interest method less provision for any impairment.
      3. Financial liabilities and equity instruments
        1. Financial liabilities and equity instruments are classified according to the substance of the contractual arrangements entered into. An equity instrument is any contract that evidences a residual interest in the assets of the Group after deducting all of its liabilities. Other financial liabilities (including borrowing and trade and other payables) are initially recognised at fair value and subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method.
      4. Financial liability instruments
        1. Deferred consideration is measured at fair value discounted using the Group's average cost of capital.
        2. Contingent consideration is determined using a combination of management forecasts and projections for relevant scenarios in order to estimate the most likely outcome for a given transaction.
    13. Equity, reserves and dividend payments
      1. Share capital
        1. Share capital represents the nominal value of shares that have been issued.
      2. Share premium
        1. Share premium includes any premiums received on issue of share capital. Any transaction costs associated with the issuing of shares are deducted from share premium arising on those shares, net of any related income tax benefits. 
      3. Retained deficits
        1. Retained deficits include all current and prior period retained profits or losses. It also includes credits arising from share based payment charges.
      4. Translation reserve
        1. Translation reserve represents the differences arising from translation of investments in overseas subsidiaries.
      5. Merger reserve
        1. The merger reserve is utilised when group reconstruction accounting is applied. The difference between the cost of investment and the nominal value of the share capital acquired is recognised in a merger reserve. 
      6. Merger relief reserve
        1. Where the following conditions are met, any excess consideration received over the nominal value of the shares issued is recognised in the merger relief reserve:
          1. the consideration for shares in another company includes issued shares;
          2. on completion of the transaction, the company issuing the shares will have secured at least a 90% equity holding in the other company.
      7. Capital contribution reserve
        1. Where the Company purchases its own equity share capital, on cancellation, the nominal value of the shares cancelled is deducted from share capital and the amount is transferred to the capital redemption reserve. 
        2. Dividend distributions payable to equity shareholders are included in 'other liabilities' when the dividends have been approved in a general meeting prior to the reporting date.
    14. Convertible loan note
      1. Compound financial instruments issued by the Company comprise convertible loan notes that can be converted to share capital at the option of the holder, and the number of shares to be issued does not vary with changes in their fair value. The liability component of a compound financial instrument is recognised initially at the fair value of a similar liability that does not have an equity conversion option. The equity component is recognised initially at the difference between the fair value of the compound financial instrument as a whole and the fair value of the liability component. Any directly attributable transaction costs are allocated to the liability and equity components in proportion to their initial carrying amounts. 
      2. Subsequent to initial recognition, the liability component of a compound financial instrument is measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method. The equity component of a compound financial instrument is not re-measured subsequent to initial recognition except on conversion or expiry. Borrowings are classified as current liabilities unless the Company has an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the end of the reporting period. On conversion of the compound instrument to equity, the shares are issued by the Company in line with the terms of the instrument agreement. Any difference between the nominal value of the shares issued and the conversion price is credited to the share premium account.
    15. Cash and cash equivalents
      1. Cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, deposits held at call with banks, together with other short-term highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash having maturities of 3 months or less from inception and which are subject to an insignificant risk of change in value, and bank overdrafts.
    16. Employee benefits
      1. The Group operates two schemes on behalf of its employees, private healthcare and a defined contribution pension plan and amounts due are expensed as they fall due.
    17. Share based payments
      1. Employees (including Directors) of the Group received remuneration in the form of share-based payment transactions, whereby employees render services in exchange for rights over shares ('equity-settled transactions'). The Group has applied the requirements of IFRS 2 share-based payments to all grants of equity instruments. The transactions have been treated as equity settled.
      2. The cost of equity settled transactions with employees is measured by reference to the fair value at the grant date of the equity instrument granted. The fair value is determined by using the Black-Scholes method. The cost of equity-settled transactions are recognised, together with a corresponding charge to equity, over the period between the date of grant and the end of a vesting period, where relevant employees become fully entitled to the award. The total value of the options has been pro-rated and allocated on a weighted average basis.
    18. Settlement discounts
      1. Where discounts are negotiated for early settlement of liabilities these are recognised within the income statement.
    19. Exceptional items
      1. The Group separately discloses items which it determines are non-recurring exceptional items. These are non-recurring items or items that are material and unrelated to the principal operating activities of the Group and the normal working capital financing of the Group.
    20. Restructuring Costs
      1. Restructuring costs relate to corporate re-organisation activities previously undertaken or announced.
  5. Critical accounting judgements and key sources of estimation uncertainty
    1. The preparation of financial statements under IFRS requires the Group to make estimates and assumptions that affect the application of policies and reported amounts. Estimates and judgements are continually evaluated and are based on historical experience and other factors including expectations of future events that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates. The estimates and assumptions which have a risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amount of assets and liabilities are discussed below.
    2. Critical accounting judgements
      1. Impairment of goodwill
      2. The Group is required to test, at least annually, whether goodwill has suffered any impairment. The recoverable amount is determined based on value in use calculations. The use of this method requires the estimation of future cash flows attributable to the acquired cash-generating unit and the choice of a suitable discount rate in order to calculate the present value of these cash flows.  Actual outcomes could vary.
      3. Intangible assets and impairment
      4. The Group recognises the intangible assets acquired as part of business combinations at fair value at the date of acquisition. The determination of these fair values is determined by experts engaged by management and based upon management's and the Directors' judgement and includes assumptions on the timing and amount of future incremental cash flows generated by the assets and selection of an appropriate discount rate. Furthermore management must estimate the expected useful lives of intangible assets and charge amortisation on these assets accordingly. 
      5. Included within intangible assets are capitalised customer relationships. These were acquired as part of the acquisitions of Viral Management Limited and Base79 Limited. The Group continues to recognise revenue from these customer relationships through revenue share and licensing agreements. These assets are amortised over a period between 5 to 10 years on a straight line basis. 
      6. Deferred taxation
      7. Deferred tax assets and liabilities have been recognised which are contingent and dependent upon future trading performance.
      8. Development of Online Channel Content
    3. Costs associated with the development of SlashFootball, a network of social media channels and content that is owned and operated by Brave Bison, that are directly attributable to the design and building of the channel controlled by the Group are recognised as intangible assets when the following criteria are met:
      1. It is technically feasible to complete the online channel content so that it will be available for use;
      2. Management intends to complete the online channel content and use or sell it;
      3. There is an ability to use or sell the online channel content;
      4. It can be demonstrated how the online channel content will generate probable future economic benefits;
      5. Adequate technical, financial and other resources to complete the development and to use or sell the online channel content are available;
      6. The expenditure attributable to the online channel content during its development can be reliably measured.
      7. Furthermore management must estimate the expected useful lives of intangible assets and charge amortisation on these assets accordingly.
      8. Development of multichannel network for the Arts Council
      9. Brave Bison has entered into an agreement to develop a Multichannel Network for the Arts Council. Brave Bison provides channel management activities to the client based on an agreed schedule of expenditure and mark up. The income from this agreement relates to channel management activities which are in line with the ordinary activities of the Group.  As such, the income is treated as revenue under IAS 18 Revenue and does not fall within the scope of IAS 20 Accounting for Government Grants and Disclosure of Government Assistance.
      10. Treatment of revenue as agent or principal
      11. The determination of whether the Group is acting as a principal or an agent in a transaction involves judgment and is based on an evaluation of the terms of an arrangement. The Group serves as the principal in transactions in which it has substantial risks and rewards of ownership. The difference in treatment between principal and agent will impact gross and net revenue and cost of sales.
    4. Estimates
      1. Share based payment charges
        1. The Group is required to measure the fair value of its share based payments. The fair value is determined using the Black-Scholes method which requires assumptions regarding exchange rate volatility, the risk free rate, share price volatility and the expected life of the share based payment. Exchange rate volatility is calculated using historic data over the past three years.  The volatility of the Group's share price has been calculated as the average of similar listed companies over the preceding periods. The risk-free rate range used is between 0.67% to 2.74% and management, including the Directors, have estimated the expected life of most share based payments to be 4 years.
      2. Bad debt provision
        1. Recoverability of some receivables may be doubtful although not definitely irrecoverable. Where management feel recoverability is in doubt an appropriate provision is made for the possibility that the amounts may not be recovered in full.  Provisions are made using past experience however subjectivity is involved when assessing the level of provision required.
  6. Segment reporting
    1. As explained in the summary of Accounting Policies, management identify only one operating segment in the business, being monetising online video content. This single operating segment is monitored and strategic decisions are made on the basis of this segment alone.
    2. As a result only the geographic reporting of turnover analysis has been included in this note.  One customer accounted for £7.3 million or 41% of total revenue (2015: £3.2 million or 22%). This revenue relates to a product currently yielding 10% gross margin or less. In 2016, £0.6 million of gross margin was recognised (2015: £0.7 million).
    3. Geographic reporting
      1. Brave Bison has identified four geographic areas (United Kingdom & Ireland, United States of America, Europe and Rest of the world) and the information is presented based on the customers' location. In line with comments in the Strategic Report, we anticipate that in future our geographic reporting will focus on the new operational hubs following the organisational changes made at the end of 2016.
      2.  

        £000's

        £000's

        Revenue

         

         

        United Kingdom & Ireland

        15,274

        12,264

        United States of America

        4,699

        4,221

        Europe

        1,662

        3,405

        Rest of the world

        4,901

        4,359

        Total Revenues including commission share

        26,536

        24,249

        Less commission share

        (8,817)

        (9,694)

        Revenue

        17,719

        14,555

         

         

         

      3. The Group identifies two revenue streams, Advertising and Fee based services. The analysis of revenue by each stream is detailed below, a detailed overview can be found in the Strategic Report.
      4.  

         2016

        2015

         

        £000's

        £000's

        Advertising

        13,647

        9,820

        Fee based services

        4,072

        4,735

         

        17,719

        14,555

      5. The revenue categories have been re-classified since 2015 due to a change in how management analyses revenue. The total revenue for 2015 is unchanged.
  7. Operating loss and loss before taxation
    1. The operating loss and the loss before taxation are stated after:
      1.  

        2016

        2015

         

        £000's

         £000's

        Auditor's remuneration:

         

         

        -     Audit services

        94

        94

        -     Tax advisory services

        41

        24

        -     Other services

        30

        12

        Operating lease rentals - land and buildings

        728

        1,424

        Depreciation: property, plant and equipment

        75

        269

        Impairment of intangible assets

        -

        36,039

        Amortisation

        2,836

        2,773

        Foreign exchange (gain) / loss on trading items

        (493)

        130

        Foreign exchange (gain) / loss on balance sheet monetary items

        (883)

        100

  8. Exceptional items
    1.  

        2016

      2015

       

      £000's

       £000's

      Acquisition costs

      -

      493

      Increase in deferred consideration payable

      -

      1,733

       

      -

      2,226

  9. Finance Costs
    1.  

       2016

      2015

       

      £000's

       £000's

      Interest payable

      55

      19

      Unwinding of discount on deferred consideration

      -

      1,694

       

      55

      1,713

  10. Tax expense 
    1. Major components of tax credit:

       

       

       

      2016

      2015

       

      £000's

       £000's

      Current tax:

       

       

      UK corporation tax at 20.00% (2015: 20.25%)

      -

      (1,647)

      Overseas tax

      6

      -

       

       

       

      Total current tax

      6

      (1,647)

       

       

       

      Deferred Tax:

       

       

      Originations and reversal of temporary differences (Note 15)

      (595)

      (483)

      Tax credit on loss on ordinary activities

      (589)

      (2,130)

    2. UK corporation tax is calculated at 20.00% (2015: 20.25%) of the estimated assessable loss for the year. Taxation for other jurisdictions is calculated at the rates prevailing in those jurisdictions
    3. The credit for the year can be reconciled to the loss per the income statement as follows:
      1.  

        2016

        2015

         

        £000's

        £000's

        Loss on ordinary activities before tax

        (6,485)

        (54,427)

         

         

         

        Income tax using the Company's domestic tax rate 20.00% (2015: 20.25%)

        (1,297)

         

        (11,021)

        Effect of:

         

         

        Expenses not deductible for tax purposes

        152

        1,200

        Amortisation and impairment of intangible assets

        567

        7,774

        Difference in capital allowances & depreciation/amortisation

        (509)

        179

        Tax credit on research and development

        -

        (1,590)

        Unutilised tax losses carried forward

        498

        1,328

        Total tax credit for period

        (589)

        (2,130)

  11. Loss per share
    1. Both the basic and diluted loss per share have been calculated using the loss after tax attributable to shareholders of Brave Bison Group plc as the numerator, i.e. no adjustments to losses were necessary in 2015 or 2016. The calculation of the basic loss per share is based on the loss attributable to ordinary shareholders divided by the weighted average number of shares in issue during the year. All share options and warrants have been excluded when calculating the diluted EPS as they were antidilutive.
    2.  

       2016

      2015

       

      £000's

      £000's

      Loss for the year attributable to ordinary shareholders

      (5,896)

      (52,297)

       

       

       

      Equity settled share based payments

      511

      1,138

      Amortisation, depreciation and impairment

      2,911

      39,080

       

       

       

      Adjusted loss for the period attributable to the equity shareholders

      (2,474)

      (12,079)

       

       

       

      Weighted average number of ordinary shares

      566,515,406

      270,181,450

       

       

       

      Basic and diluted loss per ordinary share (pence)

      1.04p

      19.4p

      Adjusted basic and diluted loss per ordinary share (pence)

      0.44p

      4.5p

  12. Directors and employees
    1. The average number of persons (including Director's) employed by the Group during the year was:
    2.  

       2016

      2015

       

      Number

      Number

      Finance, Legal, HR and senior executives

      15

      24

      Technology and infrastructure

      15

      136

      Sales, account management & audience development

      88

      38

       

      118

      198

    3. Director's emoluments paid during the period and included in the above figures were:
      1.  

        2016

        2015

         

        £000's

        £000's

        Emoluments (including compensation for loss of office)

        1,149

        1,121

    4. The highest paid Director received emoluments totalling £0.3 million (2015: £0.3 million).  The amount of share based payments charge (see Note 21) which relates to the Directors was £0.4 million (2015: £0.3 million). The key management of the Group are the executive members of Brave Bison Group plc's Board of Directors. Key management personnel remuneration includes the following expenses:
      1.  

         2016

        2015

         

        £000's

        £000's

        Salaries including bonuses

        765

        705

        Social security costs

        106

        97

        Total Emoluments

        871

        802

  13. Intangible assets
    1.  

      Goodwill

      Online Channel Content

      Technology

       

       

      Brands

      Customer Relation-ships

      Total

       

      £000's

      £000's

      £000's

      £000's

      £000's

      £000's

      Cost

       

       

       

       

       

       

      At 31 December 2014

      35,075

      -

      3,881

      273

      19,332

      58,561

      Additions     

       

      -

      -

      1,332

      -

      -

      1,332

      At 31 December 2015

      35,075

      -

      5,213

      273

      19,332

      59,893

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

      Additions

      -

      793

      -

      -

      -

      793

      At 31 December 2016

      35,075

      793

      5,213

      273

      19,332

      60,686

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

      Amortisation and impairment

       

       

       

       

       

      At 31 December 2014

      -

      -

      1,034

      39

      950

      2,023

      Charge for the year

      -

      -

      709

      91

      1,974

      2,774

      Impairment charge

      35,075

      -

      166

      7

      786

      36,034

      At 31 December 2015

      35,075

      -

      1,909

      137

      3,710

      40,831

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

      Charge for the year

      -

      -

      850

      91

      1,895

      2,836

      At 31 December 2016

      35,075

      -

      2,759

      228

      5,605

      43,667

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

      Net Book Value

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

      At 31 December 2014

      35,075

      -

      2,847

      234

      18,382

      56,538

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

      At 31 December 2015

      -

      -

      3,304

      136

      15,622

      19,062

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

      At 31 December 2016

      -

      793

      2,454

      45

      13,727

      17,019

    2. During the year Brave Bison had capitalised costs of £0.8 million relating to the development of SlashFootball, a network of social media channels and content that is owned and operated by Brave Bison.
    3. Brave Bison considers that the capitalised costs fall under IAS 38 as the Company intends to retain all intellectual property relating to the channel and has no intention to sell the content. The Directors consider that the capitalised costs meet the requirements of IAS 38 in that Brave Bison has the intention and the technical knowledge to complete the SlashFootball project and that it demonstrates the potential to derive future economic benefits.
    4. Brave Bison intends to begin amortising this intangible asset in 2017 over three years, once it begins to generate revenue.
    5. Goodwill is not amortised, but tested annually for impairment with the recoverable amount being determined from value in use calculations.
    6. The recoverable amount of the cash generating unit has been determined based on value in use. Value in use has been determined based on future cash flows after considering current economic conditions and trends, estimated future operating results, growth rates and anticipated future economic conditions.
    7. As at 31 December 2016, goodwill and other intangible assets were assessed for impairment. Updated forecasts and assumptions have been prepared. Based on this assessment, the value in use is greater than the carrying amount; therefore, no further impairment is necessary (2015: £36.0 million).
    8. The estimated cash flows for a period of 5 years were developed using internal forecasts, and a pre-tax discount rate of 15%. The cash flows beyond 5 years have been extrapolated assuming nil growth rates. The key assumptions are based on growth of existing and new customers and forecasts, which are determined through a combination of management's views, market estimates and forecasts and other sector information.
  14. Property, plant and equipment

    1.  

       

      Computer Equipment

      Fixtures &

       Fittings

      Total

       

       

      £000's

      £000's

      £000's

      At 31 December 2014

       

      901

      73

      974

      Additions

       

      12

      -

      12

      Disposals

       

      (99)

      (31)

      (130)

      At 31 December 2015

       

      814

      42

      856

       

       

       

       

       

      Additions

       

      49

      70

      119

      At 31 December 2016

       

      863

      112

      975

       

       

       

       

       

      Depreciation and impairment

       

       

       

       

      At 31 December 2014

       

      600

      34

      634

      Charge for the year

       

      240

      29

      269

      Disposals

       

      (99)

      (31)

      (130)

      Impairment charge

       

      3

      1

      4

      At 31 December 2015

       

      744

      33

      777

       

       

       

       

       

      Charge for the year

       

      61

      14

      75

      At 31 December 2016

       

      805

      47

      852

       

       

       

       

       

      Net Book Value

       

       

       

      At 31 December 2014

      301

      39

      340

       

       

       

       

      At 31 December 2015

       

      70

      9

      79

       

       

       

       

      At 31 December 2016

       

      58

      65

      123

  15. Deferred taxation assets and liabilities
    1. Deferred tax recognised:
      1.  

         

        2016

        2015

         

         

        £000's

        £000's

        Deferred tax liabilities

         

         

        Deferred tax on intangible assets

        (2,544)

        (3,139)

         

         

        (2,544)

        (3,139)

    2. Unutilised tax losses carried forward which have not been recognised as a deferred tax asset at 31 December 2016 were £52.4 million (2015: £52.3 million).
      1.  

        Deferred tax on intangible assets

         

        £000's

         

         

        As at 31 December 2014

        (3,622)

         

         

        Recognised in the income statement

        483

        As at 31 December 2015

        (3,139)

         

         

        Recognised in the income statement

        595

        As at 31 December 2016

        (2,544)

  16. Trade and other receivables
    1.  

      2016

      2015

       

      £000's

      £000's

      Trade receivables

      4,262

      3,022

      Less provision for impairment

      (393)

      (145)

      Net trade receivables

      3,869

      2,877

      Accrued income

      2,052

      3,191

      Other receivables

      536

      1,377

       

      6,457

      7,445

    2. All trade receivable amounts are short term. All of the Group's trade and other receivables have been reviewed for indicators of impairment and where necessary, a provision for impairment provided. The carrying value is considered a fair approximation of their fair value. The Group's management considers that all financial assets that are not impaired or past due are of good credit quality.
    3. The movement in provision for impairment of trade receivables can be reconciled as follows:
      1.  

        2016

        2015

         

        £000's

        £000's

        Opening provision

        (145)

        (197)

        Receivables provided for during period

        (382)

        (126)

        Reversal of previous provisions

        134

        178

         

        (393)

        (145)

    4. In addition, some of the unimpaired trade receivables of the Group are past due as at the reporting date. The age of financial assets past due, but not impaired, is as follows:
      1.  

        2016

        2015

         

        £000's

        £000's

        Not more than three months

        1,034

        1,699

        More than three months but not more than six months

        1,309

        358

        More than six months but not more than one year

        416

        374

        More than one year

        -

        96

         

        2,759

        2,527

  17. Trade and other payables
    1.  

      2016

      2015

       

      £000's

      £000's

       

       

       

      Trade payables

      3,012

      1,907

      Other payables

      185

      324

      Other taxation and social security

      54

      166

      Deferred income

      31

      216

      Accruals

      4,565

      7,156

       

      7,847

      9,769

    2. All amounts are short term and the Directors consider that the carrying value of trade and other payables are considered to be a reasonable approximation of fair value.
    3. The average credit period taken for trade purchases was 109 days (2015: 73 days).
  18. Borrowings and other financial liabilities
    1.  

      2016

      2015

       

      £000's

      £000's

      Due within one year:    

       

       

      Debt element of convertible loan notes

      389

      -

       

       

       

      Due in more than one year:

       

       

      Debt element of convertible loan notes

      -

      334

       

       

       

       

      389

      334

    2. On 14 August 2015, the Group issued £0.4 million of unsecured convertible loan notes. Interest of 5% is payable on conversion and the loans are repayable on 14 August 2017. The principle sum outstanding is convertible into new ordinary shares of the Company at a conversion price of £0.18 per share at any time prior to 14 August 2017.
    3. The loan notes above are regarded as compound instruments, consisting of a liability component and an equity component. The fair value of the liability component has been estimated and the fair value assigned to the liability and shown as a non-current liability, whilst the equity component of £0.1 million (2015: £0.1 million) is shown within equity. In valuing the loan notes the likelihood of conversion has not been taken into account given this is under the control of the loan note holder.
  19. Share capital
    1. Ordinary share capital

      At 31 December 2016

      At 31 December 2015

       

      Number

      £000's

      Number

      £000's

      Ordinary shares of £0.001

      571,628,125

      572

      369,143,635

      369

       

       

       

       

       

      Total ordinary share capital of the Company

      572

       

      369

  20. Reconciliation of share capital
    1.  

      2016

      2015

       

      Ordinary

      Ordinary Share

      Ordinary

      Ordinary Share

       

      Shares

      Capital

      Shares

      Capital

       

      Number

      £000's

      Number

      £000's

       

      £0.0000001

       

      £0.0000001

       

       

       

       

       

       

      Opening balance

      369,143,635

      369

      193,714,204

      194

      Issue of ordinary shares

      202,484,490

      203

      175,429,431

      175

      Closing balance

      571,628,125

      572

      369,143,635

      369

  21. Share options
    1. In September 2013 Brave Bison Limited introduced an approved EMI share option scheme for employees.  The first options were granted in September and October 2013, where options were issued in replacement for options issued under the original Brave Bison Limited unapproved scheme, vesting periods were deemed to have commenced from 30 May 2013. The replacement share options issued by Brave Bison Group plc were treated as modification of the original scheme, in accordance with IFRS 2. The options were valued using the Black-Scholes valuation model, using the following assumptions.
    2.  

      Options

      Expected option life

      4 years

      Expected volatility

      50%

      Weighted average volatility

      50%

      Risk-free interest rate

      0.67% - 2.74%

      Expected dividend yield

      0%

    3. The charge included within the financial statements for share options for the year to 31 December 2016 is £0.5 million (2015: £1.1 million).
    4. Within the assumptions above 50% share price volatility has been used, the assumption is based on the average volatility for AIM adjusted for Brave Bison Group plc.
    5. Options vest as follows:
      1. 25% 12 months from grant date
      2. 2.08% each month commencing 13 months from grant date until the options are fully vested at the end of the four year vesting period.
    6. Details of the options issued under the approved scheme are as follows:

      Number

      Weighted average exercise price

      Outstanding at the beginning of the year

      42,935,470

      4.0p

      Granted during the year

      53,598,890

      5.0p

      Exercised during the year

      (2,484,489)

      0.1p

      Cancelled during the year

      (5,251,557)

      23.0p

      Outstanding at the end of the year

      88,798,314

      9.0p

      Exercisable at the end of the year

      11,444,097

      16.0p

    7. The weighted average share price on the date options were exercised was 4p.
    8. Share options expire after 10 years, the options above expiring between March 2021 and December 2025.
    9. In addition to the share options above, 2,326,031 warrants were previously issued in 2013. The warrants were issued at an exercise price of 60p, were due to vest on 12 November 2017 and were due to expire in November 2023. The warrants were cancelled upon the exit of Michael Broughton, a former Director of the Group in November 2015. The charge included within the financial statements at 31 December 2016 was £Nil (2015: £0.4 million).
  22. Undertakings included in the financial statements
    1. The consolidated financial statements include:
      1.  

        Class of

         share held

        Country of

        incorporation

        Proportion

         held

        Nature of business

        Brave Bison Limited (formerly Rightster Limited)

        Ordinary

        UK

        100%

        Online video distribution

        Rightster Inc.

        Ordinary

        USA

        100%

        Online video distribution

        Rightster India LLP

        Ordinary

        India

        100%

        Non-trading

        Rightster Gibraltar

        Ordinary

        Gibraltar

        100%

        Online video distribution

        Preview Networks ApS

        Ordinary

        Denmark

        100%

        Online video distribution

        Viral Management Limited

        Ordinary

        UK

        100%

        Online video distribution

        Base 79 Limited

        Ordinary

        UK

        100%

        Online video distribution

        Base 79 Inc.

        Ordinary

        USA

        100%

        Online video distribution

        Base 79 SL

        Ordinary

        Spain

        100%

        Online video distribution

        Base 79 GMBH

        Ordinary

        Germany

        100%

        Online video distribution

        Base 79 SARL

        Ordinary

        France

        100%

        Online video distribution

        Brave Bison Asia Pacific Pte

        Ordinary

        Singapore

        100%

        Online video distribution

  23. Financial Instruments
    1. Categories of financial instruments

       As at 31

      December

       2016

      As at 31

       December

      2015

       

      £000's

      £000's

      Financial assets

       

       

      Loans and receivables

      6,457

      7,445

      Cash and bank balances

      7,051

      3,134

       

      13,508

      10,579

       

       

       

      Financial liabilities at amortised cost

       

       

      Trade and other payables

      (7,847)

      (9,769)

      Borrowings

      (389)

      (334)

       

      (8,236)

      (10,103)

    2. Financial risk management
      1. The Group's financial instruments comprise cash and liquid resources and various items, such as trade receivables and trade payables that arise directly from its operations. The main purpose of these financial instruments is to raise finance for the Group's operations. The principal financial risks faced by the Group are liquidity, foreign currency and credit risks.  The policies and strategies for managing these risks are summarised as follows:
    3. Foreign currency risk
      1. Transactional foreign currency exposures arise from both the export of services from the UK to overseas clients, and from the import of services directly sourced from overseas suppliers. The Group is primarily exposed to foreign exchange in relation to movements in sterling against the US Dollar, the Australian Dollar, the Euro and the Indian Rupee.
      2. The Group does not use derivatives to hedge translation exposures. All gains and losses are recognised in profit or loss on translation at the reporting date. The Group's current exposures in respect of currency risk are as follows:
        1.  

          Other

          Indian Rupee

          US Dollar

          Euro

          Sterling

          Total

           

          £000's

          £000's

          £000's

          £000's

          £000's

          £000's

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

          Financial assets

          115

          -

          2,620

          567

          26,419

          29,721

          Financial liabilities

          (128)

          (111)

          (1,007)

          (1,169)

          (10,868)

          (13,243)

          Total exposure at

          31 December 2015

          (13)

          (111)

          1,613

          (602)

          15,551

          16,478

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

          Financial assets

          37

          201

          41

          74

          30,298

          30,651

          Financial liabilities

          (58)

          (79)

          (6)

          (163)

          (10,475)

          (10,781)

          Total exposure at

          31 December 2016

          (21)

          122

          35

          (89)

          19,823

          19,870

      3. Sensitivity analysis
        1. The table below illustrates the estimated impact on profit or loss as a result of market movements in the Australian Dollar, Indian Rupee, US Dollar, Euro and Sterling exchange rate.
          1.  

            10%

            10%

            10%

            10%

            Impact on loss and equity

            Increase in favour of AUS Dollars

            Increase in favour of Rupees

            Increase in favour of US Dollars

            Increase in favour of Euro

             

            £000's

            £000's

            £000's

            £000's

             

             

             

             

             

            For the year to 31 December 2015

            (786)

            70

            949

            131

             

             

             

             

             

            For the year to 31 December 2016

            (20)

            (12)

            2

            (70)

      4. Credit risk
        1. The Group's principal financial assets are cash and cash equivalents and trade and other receivables.  The Group has no significant concentration of credit risk.  The maximum exposure to credit risk is that shown within the balance sheet.  All amounts are short term and management consider the amounts to be of good credit quality.
      5. Liquidity/funding risk
        1. The Group's funding strategy is to ensure a mix of funding sources offering flexibility and cost effectiveness to match the requirements of the Group. Operating subsidiaries are financed by retained profits.
      6. Contractual maturities
        1. The Group manages liquidity risk by maintaining adequate reserves.
      7. Interest rate risk
        1. The Group holds the majority of its cash and cash equivalents in corporate current accounts. These accounts offer a competitive interest rate with the advantage of quick access to the funds.
      8. Capital policy
        1. The Group's objectives when managing capital are to safeguard the Group's ability to continue as a going concern in order to provide returns for shareholders and benefits for other stakeholders and to maintain a capital structure that optimises the cost of capital.
        2. The Group manages its capital to ensure that entities in the Group will be able to continue as a going concern while maximising the return to stakeholders through the optimisation of the debt and equity balance. The capital structure of the Group consists of cash and cash equivalents as disclosed in the statement of financial position and equity attributable to equity holders of the parent, comprising issued capital, reserves and retained earnings as disclosed in the consolidated statement of changes in equity.
        3. Debt is defined as long and short-term borrowings (excluding derivatives). Equity includes all capital and reserves of the Group that are managed as capital.
      9. Financial instruments measured at fair value
        1. Financial assets and financial liabilities measured at fair value in the statement of financial position are grouped into three levels of fair value hierarchy. This grouping is determined based on the lowest level of significant inputs used in fair value measurement, as follows: 
          1. level 1 - quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities
          2. level 2 - inputs other than quoted prices included within level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly (i.e. as prices) or indirectly (i.e. derived from prices)
          3. level 3 - inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data (unobservable inputs).
        2. Brave Bison categorises all financial assets and liabilities as level 1.
      10. Maturity analysis
        1. Set out below is a maturity analysis for non-derivative financial liabilities. The amounts disclosed are based on contractual undiscounted cash flows. The table includes both interest and principal cash flows. The Group had no derivative financial liabilities at either reporting date.
        2.  

           Total

          Less than

          1 Year

          1-3

          Years

          3-5

          Years

           

          £000's

          £000's

          £000's

          £000's

           

           

           

           

           

          As at 31 December 2015

           

           

           

           

          Borrowing principal payments

          349

          -

          349

          -

          Trade and other payables

          9,769

          9,769

          -

          -

        3. For details as to how management is planning to manage liquidity risk to ensure debts are paid as due please refer to Note 23.
  24. Financial commitments
    1. The present value of future minimum rentals payable under non-cancellable operating leases is as follows:
      1.  

        At 31

        December

        At 31

        December

         

        2016

        2015

         

        £000's

        £000's

        Less than 1 year

         

        388

        616

        Between 2 and 5 years

        456

        548

        More than 5 years

        -

        -

         

        844

        1,164

    2. Minimum Guarantees
      1. The Group has entered into contracts committing to the following minimum guarantees:
        1.  

          At 31

          December

          At 31

          December

           

          2016

          2015

           

          £000's

          £000's

          Less than 1 year

           

          66

          891

          Between 2 and 5 years

          -

          -

          More than 5 years

          -

          -

           

          66

          891

  25. Transactions with Directors and other related parties
    1. Tixdaq Limited
      1. Tixdaq Limited is a group of sport sites owned by William Muirhead who is a connected party through his relationship with Charles Muirhead.  During the period to 31 December 2016 the Group paid a revenue share to Tixdaq Limited, from advertising generated on the above websites of £nil (2015: £0.01 million). The balance outstanding at 31 December 2016 was £nil (2015: £nil).
    2. Sports Investment Partners LLP
      1. Fees of £nil (2015: £0.1 million) were paid to Sports Investment Partners LLP which is a connected party through its relationship with Michael Broughton, a former director of the Company. The amount outstanding at 31 December 2016 was £nil (2015: £0.1 million).
  26. Post balance sheet events
    1. No adjusting or significant events have occurred between the reporting date and the date of authorisation.
    2. REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT AUDITOR TO THE MEMBERS OF BRAVE BISON GROUP PLC
      1. For the year ended 31 December 2016
    3. Independent auditor's report to the members of Brave Bison Group plc
      1. We have audited the parent company financial statements of Brave Bison Group plc for the year ended 31 December 2016 which comprise the company balance sheet, the company statement of changes in equity and the related notes. The financial reporting framework that has been applied in their preparation is applicable law and United Kingdom Accounting Standards (United Kingdom Generally Accepted Accounting Practice), including Financial Reporting Standard 102 'The Financial Reporting Standard applicable in the UK and Republic of Ireland'.
      2. This report is made solely to the company's members, as a body, in accordance with Chapter 3 of Part 16 of the Companies Act 2006. Our audit work has been undertaken so that we might state to the company's members those matters we are required to state to them in an auditor's report and for no other purpose. To the fullest extent permitted by law, we do not accept or assume responsibility to anyone other than the company and the company's members as a body, for our audit work, for this report, or for the opinions we have formed.
    4. Respective responsibilities of Directors and auditor
      1. As explained more fully in the Statement of Directors' Responsibilities set out on page 14, the directors are responsible for the preparation of the parent company financial statements and for being satisfied that they give a true and fair view. Our responsibility is to audit and express an opinion on the parent company financial statements in accordance with applicable law and International Standards on Auditing (UK and Ireland). Those standards require us to comply with the Auditing Practices Board's Ethical Standards for Auditors.
    5. Scope of the audit of the financial statements
      1. A description of the scope of an audit of financial statements is provided on the Financial Reporting Council's website at www.frc.org.uk/auditscopeukprivate.
    6. Opinion on financial statements
      1. In our opinion, the parent company financial statements:
        1. give a true and fair view of the state of the parent company's affairs as at 31 December 2016;
        2. have been properly prepared in accordance with United Kingdom Generally Accepted Accounting Practice; and
        3. have been prepared in accordance with the requirements of the Companies Act 2006.
    7. Opinion on other matter prescribed by the Companies Act 2006
      1. In our opinion, based on the work undertaken in the course of the audit:
        1. the information given in the Strategic Report and the Report of the Directors for the financial year for which the parent company financial statements are prepared is consistent with the financial statements; and
        2. the Strategic Report and the Report of the Directors have been prepared in accordance with applicable legal requirements.
    8. Matter on which we are required to report under the Companies Act 2006
      1. In the light of the knowledge and understanding of the parent company and its environment obtained in the course of the
        audit, we have not identified material misstatements in the Strategic Report or the Report of the Directors.
    9. Matters on which we are required to report by exception
      1. We have nothing to report in respect of the following matters where the Companies Act 2006 requires us to report to you
        if, in our opinion:
        1. adequate accounting records have not been kept by the parent company, or returns adequate for our audit have not
          been received from branches not visited by us; or
        2. the parent company financial statements are not in agreement with the accounting records and returns; or
        3. certain disclosures of directors' remuneration specified by law are not made; or
        4. we have not received all the information and explanations we require for our audit.
    10. COMPANY BALANCE SHEET
      1. As at 31st December 2016
      2.  

         

        At 31

         

        At 31

         

         

         

        December

        December

         

         

        2016

        2015

         

         

        Note

        £000's

        £000's

        Fixed asset investments

         

         

         

        Investments in subsidiaries

        28

        19,062

        19,062

         

         

         

         

        Current Assets

         

         

         

        Debtors

        29

        49

        334

         

         

        49

        334

        Creditors: amounts falling due

         

         

         

        within one year

        30

                    (389) 

        -

         

         

                    (389)

                               -

         

         

         

         

        Creditors: amounts falling due

         

         

         

        after one year

        30

        -

        (334)

         

         

        -

        (334)

         

         

         

         

        Total assets less current liabilities

         

        18,722

        19,062

         

         

         

         

        Capital and reserves

         

         

         

        Called up share capital

        31

        572

        369

        Share premium account

         

        78,312

        69,227

        Capital redemption reserve

         

        6,660

        6,660

        Merger relief reserve

         

        62,624

        62,624

        Convertible loan note

         

        68

        68

        Profit and loss account

         

        (129,514)

        (119,886)

         

         

        18,722

        19,062

      3. The financial statements on pages 61- 67 were authorised for issue by the Board of Directors on 30 March 2017
    11. COMPANY STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
      1. For the year ended 31 December 2016
      2.  

        Share

        capital

        Share

        premium

        Capital redemption Reserve

        Convertible

        Loan

        Note

         

        Merger relief Reserve

        Profit and loss account

        Total

        Equity

         

        £000's

        £000's

        £000's

        £000's

        £000's

        £000's

        £000's

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

        At 1 January 2015

        194

        64,471

        6,660

        -

        41,009

        (31,387)

        80,947

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

        Shares issued during the year

        175

        5,160

        -

        -

        21,615

        -

        26,950

        Share issue costs

        -

        (404)

        -

        -

        -

        -

        (404)

        Equity settled share based payments                          -              

        -

        -

        -

        -

        4,513

        4,513

        Issue of convertible loan notes                                  -                  

        -

        -

        68

        -

        -

        68

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

        Transactions with owners

        175

        4,756

        -

        68

        21,615

        4,513

        31,127

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

        Other Comprehensive income

         

         

         

         

         

        Loss and total comprehensive income for the year                          -                        

        -

        -

                           -

        (93,012)

        (93,012)

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

        At 31 December 2015

        369

        69,227

        6,660

        68

        62,624

        (119,886)

        19,062

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

        Shares issued during the year

        200

        9,799

        -

        -

        -

        -

        9,999

        Share issue costs

        -

        (714)

        -

        -

        -

        -

        (714)

        Exercise of share options

        3

        -

        -

        -

        -

        -

        3

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

        Transactions with owners

        203

        9,085

        -

        -

        -

        -

        9,288

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

        Other Comprehensive income

         

         

         

         

         

        Loss and total comprehensive income for the year                          -                         

        -

        -

        -

        (9,628)

        (9,628)

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

        At 31 December 2016

        572

        78,312

        6,660

        68

        62,624

        (129,514)

        18,722

      3. NOTES TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

      4.  

        For the year ended 31 December 2016

  27. Accounting Policies
    1. The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with applicable accounting standards including Financial Reporting Standard 102 The Financial Reporting Standard Applicable in the UK and Republic of Ireland (FRS 102) and the Companies Act 2006. The financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis under the historical cost convention, modified to include certain items at fair value.
    2. The financial statements are prepared in sterling which is the functional currency of the Company. The figures are presented in thousands of pounds (£000's) unless otherwise stated.
    3. Going concern
      1. The financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which assumes that the Company will be able to meet its liabilities as they fall due for the foreseeable future. The Company is dependent for its working capital requirements on cash generated from Group operations and cash holdings and from equity markets. The cash holdings of the Group at 31 December 2016 were £7.1 million (2015: £3.1 million).
      2. The Company made a loss of £9.6 million for the year ended 31 December 2016 (2015: loss of £93.0 million).
      3. The Directors have prepared detailed cash flow projections ("the Projections") which are based on their current expectations of trading prospects. The board forecasts that the Group will achieve a positive cash inflow in 2018 and has sufficient cash on hand to reach that goal. Accordingly, the Directors have concluded that it is appropriate to continue to adopt the going concern basis in preparing these financial statements.
      4. The Directors are confident that the Group's forecasts are achievable, and are committed to taking any actions available to them to ensure that any shortfall in forecast revenues is mitigated by cost savings. Accordingly the going concern basis of accounting has been adopted in preparing these consolidated financial statements.
      5. In October 2016 the Group obtained agreement from Barclays Bank to provide up to £2.0 million overdraft facility on market terms, secured on the assets of the Group. This is intended to provide occasional short-term working capital support. The facility has not yet been drawn down and there is no forecast need to do so.
    4. Deferred taxation
      1. Deferred tax represents the future tax consequences of transactions and events recognised in the financial statements of current and previous periods. It is recognised in respect of all timing differences, with certain exceptions.  Timing differences are differences between taxable profits and total comprehensive income as stated in the financial statements that arise from the inclusion of income and expense in tax assessments in periods different from those in which they are recognised in the financial statements.  Unrelieved tax losses and other deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that it is probable that they will be recovered against the reversal of deferred tax liabilities or other future taxable profits. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date that are expected to apply to the reversal of timing differences.  Deferred tax on revalued non-depreciable tangible fixed assets and investment properties is measured using the rates and allowances that apply to the sale of the asset.
    5. Investment
      1. Investments are recognised initially at fair value which is normally the transaction price excluding transaction costs.  Subsequently, they are measured at cost less impairment.
    6. Debtors
      1. Debtors are stated in the balance sheet at estimated net realisable value.
    7. Share based payments
      1. Employees (including Directors) of the Company received remuneration in the form of share-based payment transactions, whereby employees render services in exchange for shares or rights over shares ('equity-settled transactions').
      2. The cost of equity settled transactions with employees is recovered by reference to the fair value at the grant date of the equity instrument granted. The fair value is determined by using the Black-Scholes method. The cost of equity-settled transactions are recognised, together with a corresponding credit to equity, over the period between the date of grant and the end of vesting period, where relevant employees become fully entitled to the award. The total value of the options has been pro-rated and allocated on a weighted average basis. 
    8. Exemptions
      1. The Directors have taken advantage of the exemption available under section 408 of the Companies Act 2006 and not presented a profit and loss account for the Company alone.
      2. The Company has taken advantage of exemption, under the terms of Financial Reporting Standard 102 'The Financial Reporting Standard applicable in the UK and Republic of Ireland', not to disclose related party transactions with wholly owned subsidiaries within the Group.
    9. Share capital and reserves
      1. Share capital represents the nominal value of shares that have been issued.
      2. Share premium includes any premiums received on issue of share capital. Any transaction costs associated with the issuing of shares are deducted from share premium, net of any related income tax benefits.
      3. Profit and loss account includes all current and prior period retained profits or losses. It also includes charges related to share-based employee remuneration.
      4. Merger relief reserve - where the following conditions are met any excess consideration received over the nominal value of the shares issued is recognised in the merger relief reserve: 
        1. the consideration for shares in another company includes issued shares;
        2. on completion of the transaction, the company issuing the shares will have secured at least a 90% equity holding in the other company.
      5. Where the Company purchases its own equity share capital, on cancellation the nominal value of the shares cancelled is deducted from share capital and the amount is transferred to the capital redemption reserve.
      6. Dividend distributions payable to equity shareholders are included in 'other liabilities' when the dividends have been approved in a general meeting prior to the reporting date.
    10. Convertible loan note
      1. Compound financial instruments issued by the Company comprise convertible loan notes that can be converted to share capital at the option of the holder, and the number of shares to be issued does not vary with changes in their fair value. The liability component of a compound financial instrument is recognised initially at the fair value of a similar liability that does not have an equity conversion option. The equity component is recognised initially at the difference between the fair value of the compound financial instrument as a whole and the fair value of the liability component. Any directly attributable transaction costs are allocated to the liability and equity components in proportion to their initial carrying amounts.
      2. Subsequent to initial recognition, the liability component of a compound financial instrument is measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method. The equity component of a compound financial instrument is not re-measured subsequent to initial recognition except on conversion or expiry. Borrowings are classified as current liabilities unless the Company has an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the end of the reporting period. On conversion of the compound instrument to equity, the shares are issued by the Company in line with the terms of the instrument agreement. Any difference between the nominal value of the shares issued and the conversion price is credited to the share premium account.
    11. Significant judgements and estimates
      1. The Group is required to test, at least annually, whether investments have suffered any impairment. The recoverable amount is determined based on value in use calculations. The use of this method requires the estimation of future cash flows attributable to the acquired cash-generating unit and the choice of a suitable discount rate in order to calculate the present value of these cash flows.  Actual outcomes could vary. 
      2. Where the Company has receivables from other Group entities, the recoverability of the receivables are assessed at the end of each accounting period. Where there is doubt in regards to the recoverability, the receivable is considered to be impaired and written down to its recoverable value. This assessment is made using past experience however subjectivity is involved when assessing the level of recoverability and impairment.
  28. Investments in subsidiaries and associates
    1. Investments

       

       

      2016

       

      £000's

       

      As at 31 December 2015 & 2016

      19,062

    2. As at 31 December 2016, investments were assessed for impairment. Updated forecasts and assumptions have been prepared using the valuation model behind the current strategy. No impairment is necessary for the year ended 31 December 2016 (2015: £56.7 million).
    3. At 31 December 2016 the Company had the following subsidiary undertakings:
      1.  

        Class of

         share held

        Country of

        incorporation

        Proportion

         held

        Nature of business

        Subsidiaries

         

         

         

         

        Brave Bison Limited (formerly Rightster Limited)

        Ordinary

        UK

        100%

        Online video distribution

         

        Indirect subsidiaries

         

         

         

         

        Rightster Inc.

        Ordinary

        USA

        100%

        Online video distribution

        Rightster India LLP

        Ordinary

        India

        100%

        Non-trading

        Rightster Gibraltar

        Ordinary

        Gibraltar

        100%

        Online video distribution

        Preview Networks ApS

        Ordinary

        Denmark

        100%

        Online video distribution

        Viral Management Limited

        Ordinary

        UK

        100%

        Online video distribution

        Base 79 Limited

        Ordinary

        UK

        100%

        Online video distribution

        Base 79 Inc.

        Ordinary

        USA

        100%

        Online video distribution

        Base 79 SL

        Ordinary

        Spain

        100%

        Online video distribution

        Base 79 GMBH

        Ordinary

        Germany

        100%

        Online video distribution

        Base 79 SARL

        Ordinary

        France

        100%

        Online video distribution

        Brave Bison Asia Pacific Pte

        Ordinary

        Singapore

        100%

        Online video distribution

  29. Debtors
    1.  

      £000's

      £000's

      Prepayments

      4

      4

      Other debtors

      27

      27

      Other taxes and social security

      18

      -

      Amounts due from Group undertakings

      -

      303

       

      49

      334

    2. Amounts owed by Group companies are interest free, due on demand and unsecured.
  30. Creditors
    1.  

       

       

      Amounts falling due within one year

      2016

      2015

       

      £000's

      £000's

      Debt elements of convertible loan notes (Note 18)

      389

      -

       

       

      Amounts falling due after one year

      389

      -

       

      Debt elements of convertible loan notes (Note 18)

      -

      334

       

       

       

      -

      334

  31. Capital and reserves
    1. Ordinary share capital

      At 31 December 2016

      At 31 December 2015

       

       

      Number

      £000's

      Number

      £000's

      Ordinary shares of £0.001

      571,628,125

      572

      369,143,635

      369

       

       

       

       

       

      Total ordinary share capital of the Company

      572

       

      369

    2. Called-up share capital represents the nominal value of shares that have been issued.
    3. The movement in share capital can be reconciled as follows:
    4.  

      2016

      2015

       

      Ordinary

      Ordinary Share

      Ordinary

      Ordinary Share

       

      Shares

      Capital

      Shares

      Capital

       

      Number

      £000's

      Number

      £000's

       

      £0.0000001

       

      £0.0000001

       

       

       

       

       

       

      Opening balance

      369,143,635

      369

      193,714,204

      194

      Issue of ordinary shares

      202,484,490

      203

      175,429,431

      175

      Closing balance

      571,628,125

      572

      369,143,635

      369